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2350 BCE: First code of laws by Urukagina, king of Lagash.
2000 BCE: Babylon controls Fertile Crescent.
1984 BCE: Amorite dynasty established in Babylon.
1812 BCE - 1793 BCE: Reign of Sin-Muballit, Amorite king of Babylon, father of Hammurabi.
1795 BCE - 1750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi, king of Babylon.
1792 BCE - 1750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi of Babylon, Ashur becomes vassal state.
1792 BCE: King Hammurabi builds walls of Babylon.
1787 BCE: Hammurabi of Babylon conquers Uruk and Isin.
1772 BCE: The Code of Hammurabi: One of the earliest codes of law in the world.
1761 BCE: Zimri-Lim, the last ruler of Mari dies for unknown reasons. His former ally, Hammurabi of Babylon, captures the city of Mari.
1760 BCE - 1757 BCE: Hammurabi of Babylon destroys the city of Mari. The people of Mari are spared according to Hammurabi.
1755 BCE: Hammurabi rules the whole of Mesopotamia from Babylon.
1700 BCE: The Code of Hammurabi, with laws regulating beer, written at Babylon.
1595 BCE - 1155 BCE: Kassite Dynasty rules over Babylonia.
1595 BCE: Hittites under Mursilli I sack Babylon, ending Amorite rule.
1595 BCE: King Mursilis of the Hittites sacks Babylon. Begin of Babylonian "dark ages."
1225 BCE: Tukulti-Ninurta I sacks Babylon.
1225 BCE: Tukulti-Ninurta I marches on Babylon and sacks it, temples plundered.
1220 BCE: Babylon is under Assyrian control.
853 BCE: Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
750 BCE: Sophisticated networks of aqueducts are constructed at Babylon.
734 BCE: Babylon is captured by Chaldeans.
729 BCE: Tiglath Pileser III reigns at height as King of Babylon and Assyria.
729 BCE: Babylon is occupied by Assyrians.
729 BCE: Intervention in Babylonian Civil War. Tiglath Pileser III crowns himself king of Babylon.
718 BCE: Sargon II defeated at Babylon by Elamites.
710 BCE: Sargon II conquers Babylon and the southern territories.
710 BCE - 707 BCE: Sargon II resides at Babylon, rules Assyria from Babylonian court.
706 BCE: Sargon II returns from Babylon and moves into palace in Dur-Sharrukin.
698 BCE - 694 BCE: War with Elam and Babylon.
689 BCE: Sack of Babylon, city is destroyed.
680 BCE: Esarhaddon decrees restoration of Babylon.
653 BCE - 648 BCE: Babylon rebels, Siege of Babylon.
647 BCE - 648 BCE: Fall of Babylon the Ashurbanipal.
612 BCE: Nineveh is sacked and burned by combined forces of Babylonians and Medes.
605 BCE - 549 BCE: Babylon rules over the Assyrian regions.
605 BCE - 562 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II is king of Babylon.
601 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon unsuccessfully attempts to invade Egypt.
597 BCE: Babylonian king Nebuchadnezar captures Jerusalem.
597 BCE - 587 BCE: Jews are deported to Babylonia.
587 BCE - 539 BCE: Jewish exile in Babylonia. Babylonian Talmud is written.
585 BCE - 572 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon besieges Tyre, unsuccessfully.
575 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Ishtar Gate and great walls of Babylon.
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon; the Fertile Crescent is controlled by the Achaemenid Empire (The First Persian Empire).
539 BCE: Fall of Babylon, conquered by Cyrus of Persia. Return of the Jews.
485 BCE: Babylon is destroyed by Xerxes, King of Persia.
323 BCE: Alexander the Great receives Celtic delegations in Babylon.
321 BCE - 315 BCE: Seleucos rules the satrapy of Babylon.
312 BCE: Seleucos conquers Babylon and founds the Seleucid dynasty.
304 BCE - 64 BCE: Rule of the Seleucids in Mesopotamia.