Tyre Timeline

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  • c. 2750 BCE
    The city of Tyre is founded.
  • c. 1200 BCE - c. 800 BCE
    First wave of Phoenician colonization where largely trading-posts are founded throughout the Mediterranean.
  • c. 1101 BCE
    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Utica by Sidon (or Tyre).
  • 1100 BCE - 725 BCE
    Decline of Byblos as the sister city of Tyre rises in prominence.
  • c. 1000 BCE
    Height of Tyre's power.
  • 969 BCE - 936 BCE
    Hiram I reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 935 BCE - 919 BCE
    Baal-eser I reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 918 BCE - 910 BCE
    Abdastrato reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 909 BCE - 898 BCE
    Methustratos reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 897 BCE - 889 BCE
    Astharymos reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 888 BCE
    Phelles reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 887 BCE - 856 BCE
    Ithobaal I reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 855 BCE - 830 BCE
    Baal-asor II reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 829 BCE - 821 BCE
    Mattan II rules as king of Tyre.
  • 820 BCE - 774 BCE
    Pygmalion rules as king of Tyre.
  • c. 814 BCE
    Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
  • c. 800 BCE - 600 BCE
    Second stage of Phoenician colonization where trading-posts become full colonies throughout the Mediterranean.
  • 750 BCE - 740 BCE
    Ithobaal II reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 739 BCE - 730 BCE
    Hiram II reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 730 BCE - 729 BCE
    Mattan II rules as king of Tyre.
  • 729 BCE - 694 BCE
    Elulaios rules as king of Tyre.
  • c. 720 BCE - 585 BCE
    Tel Kabri is occupied by a town belonging to the Phoenician city-state of Tyre. In addition to the town, a citadel is constructed on the site to house a local garrison of Greek mercenaries.
  • 680 BCE - 640 BCE
    Baal I reigns as king of Tyre.
  • 585 BCE - 572 BCE
    Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon besieges Tyre, unsuccessfully.
  • 585 BCE
    Nebuchadnezzar's armies destroy the Phoenician settlement at Tel Kabri.
  • 332 BCE
    Alexander the Great besieges and conquers Tyre.
  • 332 BCE
    Conquest of the Levant by Alexander the Great who destroys Tyre.
  • c. 301 BCE - c. 195 BCE
    Tyre, as all other Phoenician cities, belongs to the Ptolemies, rulers of hellenistic Egypt.
  • c. 195 BCE
    After the battle at Panion, the Seleucids finally take the rule of Phoenicia from the Ptolemies. Tyre and the other Phoenician cities will remain in the Seleucid power until the Roman conquest of Syria.
  • 195 BCE
    Facing the threat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms he initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory. He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome.
  • 64 BCE
    Tyre becomes a Roman colony.

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Legend:

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2750 BCE: The city of Tyre is founded.
 
 
1200 BCE - 800 BCE: First wave of Phoenician colonization where largely trading-posts are founded throughout the Mediterranean.
 
 
1101 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Utica by Sidon (or Tyre).
 
1100 BCE - 725 BCE: Decline of Byblos as the sister city of Tyre rises in prominence.
 
1000 BCE: Height of Tyre's power.
 
969 BCE - 936 BCE: Hiram I reigns as king of Tyre.
 
935 BCE - 919 BCE: Baal-eser I reigns as king of Tyre.
 
918 BCE - 910 BCE: Abdastrato reigns as king of Tyre.
 
909 BCE - 898 BCE: Methustratos reigns as king of Tyre.
 
897 BCE - 889 BCE: Astharymos reigns as king of Tyre.
 
888 BCE: Phelles reigns as king of Tyre.
 
887 BCE - 856 BCE: Ithobaal I reigns as king of Tyre.
 
855 BCE - 830 BCE: Baal-asor II reigns as king of Tyre.
 
829 BCE - 821 BCE: Mattan II rules as king of Tyre.
 
820 BCE - 774 BCE: Pygmalion rules as king of Tyre.
 
 
814 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
 
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Second stage of Phoenician colonization where trading-posts become full colonies throughout the Mediterranean.
 
750 BCE - 740 BCE: Ithobaal II reigns as king of Tyre.
 
739 BCE - 730 BCE: Hiram II reigns as king of Tyre.
 
730 BCE - 729 BCE: Mattan II rules as king of Tyre.
 
729 BCE - 694 BCE: Elulaios rules as king of Tyre.
 
 
720 BCE - 585 BCE: Tel Kabri is occupied by a town belonging to the Phoenician city-state of Tyre. In addition to the town, a citadel is constructed on the site to house a local garrison of Greek mercenaries.
 
680 BCE - 640 BCE: Baal I reigns as king of Tyre.
 
585 BCE - 572 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon besieges Tyre, unsuccessfully.
 
 
585 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar's armies destroy the Phoenician settlement at Tel Kabri.
 
 
332 BCE: Alexander the Great besieges and conquers Tyre.
 
 
332 BCE: Conquest of the Levant by Alexander the Great who destroys Tyre.
 
 
301 BCE - 195 BCE: Tyre, as all other Phoenician cities, belongs to the Ptolemies, rulers of hellenistic Egypt.
 
 
195 BCE: After the battle at Panion, the Seleucids finally take the rule of Phoenicia from the Ptolemies. Tyre and the other Phoenician cities will remain in the Seleucid power until the Roman conquest of Syria.
 
195 BCE: Facing the threat of being handed to the Romans as a result of the opposition to the reforms he initiated in Carthage, Hannibal flees to Crete and then to Tyre, in Seleucid territory. He will become one of the military advisors of king Antiochos III Megas in his war against Rome.
 
64 BCE: Tyre becomes a Roman colony.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2800 BCE 2400 BCE 2000 BCE 1600 BCE 1200 BCE 800 BCE 400 BCE

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