Punic Wars Timeline

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Legend:

270 BCE 260 BCE 250 BCE 240 BCE 230 BCE 220 BCE 210 BCE 200 BCE 190 BCE 180 BCE 170 BCE 160 BCE 150 BCE  
 
 
264 BCE - 241 BCE: First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
 
 
264 BCE: The Mamertines at Messana on Sicily call for Carthaginian and then Roman help in defence against Syracuse, sparking the First Punic War.
 
 
263 BCE: Segesta joins the Roman cause in the First Punic War.
 
263 BCE: Antaros and 3000 Celts fight with Carthage in the First Punic War.
 
262 BCE: Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
 
260 BCE: Rome builds a fleet of 120 ships in just 60 days to fight the First Punic War.
 
260 BCE: First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae in the First Punic War.
 
258 BCE: Rome wins a naval battle against Carthage at Sulcis during the First Punic War.
 
256 BCE: Rome lands an army of four legions on African soil at Clupea during the First Punic War.
 
256 BCE: Roman naval victory against Carthage off Ecnomus during the First Punic War.
 
255 BCE: A Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis during the First Punic War.
 
255 BCE - 253 BCE: Roman fleets are wrecked by storms off Pachynus and Palinurus during the First Punic War.
 
255 BCE: Carthage sues for peace during the First Punic War but the Roman consul Regulus' excessive demands are rejected.
 
254 BCE: Romans capture Palermo during the First Punic War.
 
250 BCE: A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated by Roman consul Metellus near Palermo in the First Punic War.
 
249 BCE: Carthage defeats Rome in a naval battle at Drepanum during the First Punic War.
 
249 BCE: Antaros withdraws his support from Carthage.
 
 
247 BCE: Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
 
 
244 BCE: Hamilcar Barca captures Eryx on Sicily during the First Punic War.
 
242 BCE: A Roman fleet besieges the Carthaginian stronghold of Drepana on Sicily during the First Punic War.
 
241 BCE: Roman naval victory off the Aegates Islands leads to victory over Carthage, ending the First Punic War.
 
237 BCE: Hamilcar Barca arrives in southern Spain to expand Carthage's interests there. He makes his base at Gades and founds Acra Leuce.
 
229 BCE: Hasdrubal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
 
226 BCE: Hasdrubal signs an agreement with Rome not to cross the Ebro river in Spain.
 
221 BCE: Hannibal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
 
219 BCE: Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.
 
218 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Ticinus.
 
218 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Trebia.
 
218 BCE: Hannibal leaves Spain to cross the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy.
 
218 BCE: Rome declares war on Carthage after Hannibal sacks Saguntum in Spain. The Second Punic War begins.
 
 
218 BCE - 201 BCE: Second Punic War.
 
217 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Lake Trasimene.
 
216 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Cannae, the worst defeat in Roman history.
 
216 BCE: "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.
 
215 BCE: A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated at the battle of Ibera in Spain.
 
214 BCE: Syracuse joins the side of Carthage in the Second Punic War.
 
212 BCE: A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
 
211 BCE: A Carthaginian army defeats two Roman consuls and their armies in the Tader valley, Spain.
 
 
210 BCE - 207 BCE: Scipio Africanus conquers Spain for Rome.
 
209 BCE: Scipio Africanus captures the Carthaginian base and treasury Carthago Nova in southern Spain.
 
208 BCE: Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal at Baecula in Spain.
 
207 BCE: Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.
 
207 BCE: Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.
 
206 BCE: Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain.
 
 
206 BCE - 205 BCE: The Romans conquer Gades. End of the Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.
 
204 BCE: Scipio Africanus sails to North Africa in the Second Punic War.
 
204 BCE - 203 BCE: Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.
 
203 BCE: Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
 
203 BCE: Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.
 
203 BCE: Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
 
203 BCE: Scipio Africanus attacks the two camps of Syphax and Gisgo in North Africa and destroys their armies.
 
202 BCE: Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War.
 
150 BCE: A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
 
149 BCE: Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.
 
149 BCE - 146 BCE: Third Punic War.
 
148 BCE: The Roman siege of Carthage, in its second year, remains unsuccessful.
 
147 BCE: Scipio Africanus the Younger takes over command of the siege of Carthage and builds a mole to block its harbour.
 
146 BCE: Scipio Africanus the Younger sacks Carthage and enslaves its population.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
270 BCE 250 BCE 230 BCE 210 BCE 190 BCE 170 BCE

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