Period Timeline

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  • prehistoric - 3500 BCE
    Lithic or Archaic Period in South America.
  • 7000 BCE - 2000 BCE
    The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
  • c. 5000 BCE - 4100 BCE
    The Ubaid Period in Sumer.
  • 4100 BCE - 2900 BCE
    Uruk Period in Mesopotamia. First cities.
  • 4100 BCE - 2900 BCE
    Uruk Period in Sumer.
  • 3500 BCE - 1800 BCE
    Preceramic or Formative Period in South America.
  • c. 3500 BCE - c. 3100 BCE
    Period V - Writing, crafts and pottery produced. Beer and wine brewed.
  • c. 3300 BCE - 2600 BCE
    Neolithic site of Barnhouse Settlement occupied.
  • c. 3200 BCE - 2700 BCE
    Proto-Elamite period.
  • 3150 BCE - 2686 BCE
    Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Pharaos.
  • c. 3100 BCE - c. 2500 BCE
    Megalithic Period in which majority of standing stone sites were constructed.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2800 BCE
    The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
  • c. 3000 BCE
    Aegina inhabited during Neolithic period.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2650 BCE
    Period IV - elaborate architecture, metal working. Godin Tepe invaded c. 2400 BCE.
  • 2900 BCE - 2334 BCE
    The Early Dynastic Period in Sumer.
  • 2900 BCE - 2334 BCE
    Early Dynastic Period in Sumer.
  • 2700 BCE - 1600 BCE
    Old Elamite period.
  • c. 2600 BCE - c. 1600 BCE
    Period III - Godin Tepe at its height with flourishing trade, advances in metal working and arts. Most populous area in the region until destroyed by earthquake.
  • c. 2500 BCE - c. 2000 BCE
    The Balnuaran of Clava (Clava Cairns) is built.
  • 2218 BCE - 2047 BCE
    The Gutian Period in Sumer.
  • 2181 BCE - 2055 BCE
    1st Intermediate Period in Egypt.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    The Ur III Period in Sumer, known as the Sumerian Renaissance.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    Ur III Period in Sumer.
  • 2047 BCE - 1750 BCE
    The Ur III Period in Sumer. Great Wall of Uruk still standing.
  • c. 2000 BCE - 1600 BCE
    Amorite period in Mesopotamia.
  • c. 2000 BCE - c. 1450 BCE
    Minoan Palatial period at Zakros.
  • c. 2000 BCE - c. 1700 BCE
    First Minoan Palatial period.
  • 1800 BCE - 750 BCE
    Intial Period in South America.
  • c. 1800 BCE - c. 1750 BCE
    Probable period of composition for The Queen of the Night in southern Mesopotamia.
  • 1790 BCE - 1540 BCE
    Second Intermediate Period of Egyptian history.
  • 1650 BCE - 1550 BCE
    2nd Intermediate Period in Egypt.
  • c. 1550 BCE - c. 1100 BCE
    Mycenaean Period. Agora established at Athens.
  • 1500 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Middle Elamite period.
  • 1500 BCE - 539 BCE
    Neo-Elamite period.
  • c. 1500 BCE - 500 CE
    The Vedic Period in India.
  • c. 1450 BCE
    Earthquake and fire ends the Minoan period at Malia.
  • c. 1450 BCE - c. 1400 BCE
    Minoan Palatial period superseded by Mycenaean.
  • 1353 BCE - 1336 BCE
    The Amarna Period in Egypt.
  • c. 1318 BCE - 1307 BCE
    Period of stagnation for the empire.
  • 1200 BCE - 300 BCE
    The Olmec Period which saw the rise of the Olmec culture's work in stone, first major cities appear.
  • 1069 BCE - 653 BCE
    Third Intermediate Period in Egypt.
  • 841 BCE - 828 BCE
    Gonghe Regancy in the Western Zhou Dynasty.During this period, King Li of Zhou was exiled and the country was ruled by two dukes.
  • c. 800 BCE - 500 BCE
  • 800 BCE - 600 BCE
    Main period of Phoenician colonization.
  • 772 BCE - 476 BCE
    The Spring and Autumn Period.
  • 771 BCE
    Following nomadic attacks in the west, the Chinese Zhou dynasty moves its capital east to Luoyang. Beginning of Eastern Zhou Period.
  • 750 BCE - 500 BCE
    Period II - The Medes occupy the site and a great Median palace is built. Ties to Pasargadae evident.
  • 750 BCE - 200 BCE
    Early Horizon Period in South America.
  • 600 BCE - 800 CE
    The Zapotec Period in which writing, mathematics, and astronomy were disseminated. Calendar developed.
  • 480 BCE - 323 BCE
    The Classical Period in Greece.
  • 476 BCE - 221 BCE
    Period of the Warring States in China.
  • 476 BCE - 221 BCE
    The Warring States Period in China.
  • 476 BCE - 221 BCE
    The Warring States Period in China, suggested time-period for composition of The Art of War.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 320 CE
    Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
  • 400 BCE - 330 BCE
    The Late Classical Period in Greece.
  • 334 BCE - 323 BCE
    Period of the conquests of Alexander the Great.
  • 330 BCE - 64 BCE
    Hellenistic Period in Byblos.
  • 323 BCE
    Death of Alexander the Great, beginning of The Hellenistic Period / The Hellenistic World.
  • 262 BCE - 260 BCE
    The Battle of Changping, one of the most important battles in the Warring States Period in China between Zhao and Qin.
  • 222 BCE - 220 BCE
    Satrap of Persis Alexander, alongside of his brother Molon, satrap of Mediare, revolt against Antiochos III. Their defeat begins a period of time without a known frataraka in Persis.
  • 213 BCE
    The Burning of the Books and the Burying of Philosophers Period in China.
  • 200 BCE - 600 CE
    Early Intermediate Period in South America.
  • 200 CE - 900 CE
    The Teotihuacan Period in which the city of Teotihuacan dominates as an important religious and cultural center.
  • 250 CE - 950 CE
    The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal and Uxmal.
  • 250 CE - 900 CE
    The El Tajin Period, so named for the great city of El Tajin. Urban centers proliferate and the game of Pok-a-Tok is developed.
  • 562 CE
    Caracol embarks on a period of expansion and defeats Tikal .
  • 600 CE - 1000 CE
    Middle Horizon Period in South America.
  • 770 CE
    Last recorded use of Clava Cairns site in antiquity.
  • 907 CE - 960 CE
    The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China.
  • 1850 CE
    Buried Neolithic Age village of Skara Brae uncovered by storm.

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Legend:

prehistoric 14500 BCE 14000 BCE 13500 BCE 13000 BCE 12500 BCE 12000 BCE 11500 BCE 11000 BCE 10500 BCE 10000 BCE 9500 BCE 9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE 1500 CE  
 
prehistoric - 3500 BCE: Lithic or Archaic Period in South America.
 
7000 BCE - 2000 BCE: The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
 
5000 BCE - 4100 BCE: The Ubaid Period in Sumer.
 
4100 BCE - 2900 BCE: Uruk Period in Mesopotamia. First cities.
 
4100 BCE - 2900 BCE: Uruk Period in Sumer.
 
3500 BCE - 1800 BCE: Preceramic or Formative Period in South America.
 
3500 BCE - 3100 BCE: Period V - Writing, crafts and pottery produced. Beer and wine brewed.
 
 
3300 BCE - 2600 BCE: Neolithic site of Barnhouse Settlement occupied.
 
3200 BCE - 2700 BCE: Proto-Elamite period.
 
 
3150 BCE - 2686 BCE: Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Pharaos.
 
3100 BCE - 2500 BCE: Megalithic Period in which majority of standing stone sites were constructed.
 
 
3000 BCE - 2800 BCE: The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
 
3000 BCE: Aegina inhabited during Neolithic period.
 
3000 BCE - 2650 BCE: Period IV - elaborate architecture, metal working. Godin Tepe invaded c. 2400 BCE.
 
2900 BCE - 2334 BCE: The Early Dynastic Period in Sumer.
 
 
2900 BCE - 2334 BCE: Early Dynastic Period in Sumer.
 
2700 BCE - 1600 BCE: Old Elamite period.
 
2600 BCE - 1600 BCE: Period III - Godin Tepe at its height with flourishing trade, advances in metal working and arts. Most populous area in the region until destroyed by earthquake.
 
 
2500 BCE - 2000 BCE: The Balnuaran of Clava (Clava Cairns) is built.
 
2218 BCE - 2047 BCE: The Gutian Period in Sumer.
 
 
2181 BCE - 2055 BCE: 1st Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
 
2047 BCE - 1750 BCE: The Ur III Period in Sumer, known as the Sumerian Renaissance.
 
2047 BCE - 1750 BCE: Ur III Period in Sumer.
 
 
2047 BCE - 1750 BCE: The Ur III Period in Sumer. Great Wall of Uruk still standing.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1600 BCE: Amorite period in Mesopotamia.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan Palatial period at Zakros.
 
2000 BCE - 1700 BCE: First Minoan Palatial period.
 
1800 BCE - 750 BCE: Intial Period in South America.
 
 
1800 BCE - 1750 BCE: Probable period of composition for The Queen of the Night in southern Mesopotamia.
 
 
1790 BCE - 1540 BCE: Second Intermediate Period of Egyptian history.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: 2nd Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
1550 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean Period. Agora established at Athens.
 
1500 BCE - 1100 BCE: Middle Elamite period.
 
1500 BCE - 539 BCE: Neo-Elamite period.
 
 
1500 BCE - 500 CE: The Vedic Period in India.
 
 
1450 BCE: Earthquake and fire ends the Minoan period at Malia.
 
 
1450 BCE - 1400 BCE: Minoan Palatial period superseded by Mycenaean.
 
 
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: The Amarna Period in Egypt.
 
 
1318 BCE - 1307 BCE: Period of stagnation for the empire.
 
1200 BCE - 300 BCE: The Olmec Period which saw the rise of the Olmec culture's work in stone, first major cities appear.
 
 
1069 BCE - 653 BCE: Third Intermediate Period in Egypt.
 
841 BCE - 828 BCE: Gonghe Regancy in the Western Zhou Dynasty.During this period, King Li of Zhou was exiled and the country was ruled by two dukes.
 
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Archaic period of Greece.
 
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Main period of Phoenician colonization.
 
 
772 BCE - 476 BCE: The Spring and Autumn Period.
 
 
771 BCE: Following nomadic attacks in the west, the Chinese Zhou dynasty moves its capital east to Luoyang. Beginning of Eastern Zhou Period.
 
750 BCE - 500 BCE: Period II - The Medes occupy the site and a great Median palace is built. Ties to Pasargadae evident.
 
750 BCE - 200 BCE: Early Horizon Period in South America.
 
600 BCE - 800 CE: The Zapotec Period in which writing, mathematics, and astronomy were disseminated. Calendar developed.
 
 
480 BCE - 323 BCE: The Classical Period in Greece.
 
 
476 BCE - 221 BCE: Period of the Warring States in China.
 
 
476 BCE - 221 BCE: The Warring States Period in China.
 
 
476 BCE - 221 BCE: The Warring States Period in China, suggested time-period for composition of The Art of War.
 
460 BCE - 320 CE: Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
 
 
400 BCE - 330 BCE: The Late Classical Period in Greece.
 
 
334 BCE - 323 BCE: Period of the conquests of Alexander the Great.
 
330 BCE - 64 BCE: Hellenistic Period in Byblos.
 
 
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great, beginning of The Hellenistic Period / The Hellenistic World.
 
 
262 BCE - 260 BCE: The Battle of Changping, one of the most important battles in the Warring States Period in China between Zhao and Qin.
 
222 BCE - 220 BCE: Satrap of Persis Alexander, alongside of his brother Molon, satrap of Mediare, revolt against Antiochos III. Their defeat begins a period of time without a known frataraka in Persis.
 
 
213 BCE: The Burning of the Books and the Burying of Philosophers Period in China.
 
200 BCE - 600 CE: Early Intermediate Period in South America.
 
200 CE - 900 CE: The Teotihuacan Period in which the city of Teotihuacan dominates as an important religious and cultural center.
 
250 CE - 950 CE: The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal and Uxmal.
 
250 CE - 900 CE: The El Tajin Period, so named for the great city of El Tajin. Urban centers proliferate and the game of Pok-a-Tok is developed.
 
562 CE: Caracol embarks on a period of expansion and defeats Tikal .
 
600 CE - 1000 CE: Middle Horizon Period in South America.
 
770 CE: Last recorded use of Clava Cairns site in antiquity.
 
 
907 CE - 960 CE: The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China.
 
 
1850 CE: Buried Neolithic Age village of Skara Brae uncovered by storm.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
prehistoric 13000 BCE 11000 BCE 9000 BCE 7000 BCE 5000 BCE 3000 BCE 1000 BCE

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