Athens Timeline

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  • c. 7000 BCE - 5000 BCE
    Earliest known human habitation on the Acropolis and around the Agora of Athens.
  • c. 1550 BCE - c. 1100 BCE
    Mycenaean Period. Agora established at Athens.
  • c. 1100 BCE - c. 600 BCE
    Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.
  • 683 BCE - 682 BCE
    List of annual archons at Athens begins.
  • c. 624 BCE
    Drakon codifies Athenian law.
  • 600 BCE - 550 BCE
    The Dionysia becomes a major Athenian festival in honour of Dionysos.
  • 600 BCE - 480 BCE
    Attic black-figure pottery dominates the greek ceramic market.
  • 594 BCE - 593 BCE
    In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
  • c. 580 BCE
    Long-distance aqueducts were constructed at Samos and Athens.
  • 560 BCE - 507 BCE
    Further development and expansion of the Agora of Athens.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
  • c. 546 BCE
    Pisistratus lands his Argive mercenary force at Marathon and with victory at Pallene establishes himself once again as tyrant of Athens.
  • c. 540 BCE
    Athens removes and prohibits further burials on Delos to purify the sacred island.
  • c. 525 BCE - c. 456 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
  • 514 BCE
    The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
  • 514 BCE
    Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
  • c. 508 BCE
    Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
  • 507 BCE
    Cleisthenes establishes new form of government, Democracy, in Athens.
  • c. 496 BCE - c. 406 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
  • c. 495 BCE
    Birth of Pericles.
  • 493 BCE
    The first fortifications are constructed at Athens' port of Piraeus.
  • 490 BCE
    Athens builds a treasury at Delphi following their victory at Marathon against Persia.
  • 11 Sep 490 BCE
    A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
  • 490 BCE - 480 BCE
    A 1.4m tall Iris or Nike sculpture is erected on the acropolis of Athens in memory of the general Kallimachos, killed in the battle of Marathon.
  • 487 BCE - 486 BCE
    Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
  • c. 484 BCE - 407 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
  • 482 BCE
    Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
  • Aug 480 BCE
    The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
  • 480 BCE
    The fortifications of Piraeus instigated by Themistocles are completed.
  • 480 BCE
    Sack of Athens by the Persians under Xerxes. The Agora is destroyed.
  • 479 BCE
    Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
  • 478 BCE - 454 BCE
    The treasury of the Delian League is kept on Delos until its removal to Athens.
  • 478 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
  • 470 BCE
    Statue group of Harmodius and Aristogiton in Athens.
  • c. 469 BCE - 399 BCE
    Life of Socrates.
  • c. 465 BCE
    Construction of the Long Walls fortifications joining Athens to the port of Piraeus are begun.
  • c. 462 BCE - 458 BCE
    Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
  • 462 BCE - 461 BCE
    Radicalisation of democracy in Athens; Cimon exiled, Pericles comes to exercise influence.
  • 461 BCE - 429 BCE
    Pericles is ruler of Athens.
  • c. 460 BCE - 403 BCE
    Life of Critias, one of the Thirty Tyrants of Athens.
  • 460 BCE - 459 BCE
    Megara switches sides to Athens; outbreak of war with the Peloponnesians – Athenians initially victorious.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 320 CE
    Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
  • 460 BCE - 445 BCE
    First Peloponnesian War.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 380 BCE
    Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
  • 460 BCE - 429 BCE
    The Age of Pericles. Athenian Agora is rebuilt, construction of Parthenon.
  • 459 BCE - c. 456 BCE
    Athens conquers Aegina. Island becomes subject/ally of Athens. Begins to decline.
  • 458 BCE
    A treaty of cooperation is signed between the Sicilian city-state of Segesta and Athens.
  • 457 BCE
    Sparta wins the battle of Tanagra during the 1st Peloponnesian War with Athens.
  • 457 BCE
    Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
  • 454 BCE
    Failure of Egyptian expedition; some League members unsuccessfully revolt. Removal of League treasury from Delos to Athens.
  • 454 BCE
    The Athenians move the treasury of the Delian League from Delos to Athens.
  • 453 BCE
    Pericles erects trophy at Nemea after Athenian victory over the Sikyonians.
  • 451 BCE - 450 BCE
    Peace between Argos and Sparta. Athens and Sparta conclude five-year truce.
  • c. 451 BCE - c. 403 CE
    Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
  • c. 450 BCE
    First klepsydra - water timekeeping device - used in Athens.
  • 449 BCE
    The Hephaisteion, temple to Athena & Hephaistos, built in Athens.
  • 447 BCE - 432 BCE
    The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Pheidias.
  • 28 Jul 447 BCE
    Construction of the Acropolis of Athens begins under Pericles' leadership.
  • 447 BCE - 446 BCE
    Boeotian cities revolt against Athens. Secessions in Euboea and Megara.
  • 446 BCE
    The Middle Wall fortifications are added to the Long Walls which connect Athens and the port of Piraeus.
  • 446 BCE - 445 BCE
    Spartans invade Attica. Thirty Years’ Peace between Athens and Sparta.
  • 446 BCE - 445 BCE
    Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
  • c. 445 BCE - 365 BCE
    Life of Greek Cynic philosopher Antisthenes of Athens.
  • c. 443 BCE
    Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
  • 443 BCE - 442 BCE
    Sophocles is one of the state treasurers in Athens.
  • 440 BCE
    The sophist Protagoras of Abdera, claiming 'man is the measure of all things', visits Athens.
  • 438 BCE
    The cult statue of Athena Parthenos is dedicated in the Parthenon of Athens.
  • c. 437 BCE
    Athens founds the colony of Amphipolis in northern Macedonia.
  • c. 437 BCE - 431 BCE
    The Propylaea is constructed on the acropolis of Athens under the supervision of Mnesicles.
  • 433 BCE
    A naval battle between the victorious combined forces of Corcyra and Athens against Corinth.
  • 433 BCE
    Alliance between Athens and Corcyra.
  • 433 BCE - 432 BCE
    Athens concludes treaties with Italiot and Siceliot cities. Megarian decree commercially isolates Megara.
  • 432 BCE
    Sparta declares that Athens has broken the Thirty Year Peace and prepares for war.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Cycladic city states side with Athens in the Peloponnesian war against Sparta and her allies.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
  • 431 BCE
    Athens invades Megara.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Peloponnesian Wars which leave Athens defeated and the Agora damaged.
  • 430 BCE - c. 354 BCE
    Life of Xenophon of Athens.
  • 430 BCE
    The plague decimates Athens.
  • 429 BCE
    Athens successfully campaigns in the Corinthian Gulf regions during the Peloponnesian War.
  • 429 BCE
    Following attacks by Sparta, fortifications at the port of Piraeus are extended to reduce the width of the harbour entrances.
  • 427 BCE
    Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
  • 427 BCE - 347 BCE
    Life of Plato.
  • c. 425 BCE - c. 420 BCE
    The Temple dedicated to Athena Nike is constructed on the acropolis of Athens.
  • 425 BCE
    Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes' command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.
  • 424 BCE
    The Athenian expeditions against Megara and Boeotia are a failure with a particularly heavy defeat near Delion.
  • 424 BCE
    A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.
  • 422 BCE
    Spartan general Brasidas employs Myrkinian and Chalkidian peltasts to defeat a force of Athenian hoplites at Amphipolis.
  • 421 BCE - 406 BCE
    The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
  • 421 BCE - 416 BCE
    ‘Cold war’ between Athens and Corinth.
  • 417 BCE - 415 BCE
    Melos, after supporting Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, is attacked by Athens.
  • c. 415 BCE
    Alcibiades persuades the Athenian assembly to send a military expedition to Sicily.
  • c. 415 BCE
    The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
  • 415 BCE - 413 BCE
    Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse.
  • 415 BCE
    Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
  • 414 BCE
    Athens constructs fortifications at Sounion.
  • 414 BCE
    The Athenian expedition in Sicily ends in disastrous defeat and the Athenian generals Nikias and Demosthenes are executed.
  • 413 BCE
    Agrigento remains neutral in the war between Athens and Syracuse.
  • 413 BCE
    Sophocles is part of a ten-man council to debate action following Athens' disastrous Sicilian Expedition.
  • 413 BCE
    On the advice of Alcibiades the Spartans take over the Athenian-held fort of Dekeleia.
  • c. 412 BCE
    Rhodes revolts against Athens and supports Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
  • 411 BCE
    The oligarchy of the 400 take over the democracy in Athens and in a matter of months is replaced by an oligarchy of 5000.
  • 410 BCE
    Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
  • c. 407 BCE
    Alcibiades returns to Athens in triumph and is made strategos autokrater.
  • 406 BCE
    The Athenian fleet is defeated by Lysander of Sparta at Notium.
  • 404 BCE
    Athens loses War; League dissolved.
  • 404 BCE
    End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
  • 404 BCE
    Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus destroying parts of the Long Wall fortifications.
  • 403 BCE
    Restoration of the democracy in Athens, death of the tyrant Critias.
  • 395 BCE - 386 BCE
    The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
  • 390 BCE
    Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.
  • 387 BCE
    Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus.
  • 384 BCE - 322 BCE
    Life of Aristotle.
  • 380 BCE
    Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
  • 377 BCE - 355 BCE
    The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .
  • 367 BCE
    Aristotle begins studies in Athens at Plato's Academy.
  • 363 BCE
    A rebellion against Athenian dominance of the Second Athenian League on Keos is quashed by Athens.
  • 362 BCE
    Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
  • c. 354 BCE
    Xenophon dies at Athens or Corinth.
  • 347 BCE
    Aristotle leaves Athens after Plato's death to pursue his own line of inquiry.
  • 338 BCE
    Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
  • 338 BCE
    The Battle of Charonea gives Athens to the Macedonian victors. Agora takes on Macedonian characteristics.
  • 338 BCE
    The first battle of Chaeronea. Philip of Macedon defeated the Greek alliance directed against him, led by Athens and Thebes.
  • 335 BCE
    Aristotle returns to Athens to set up his school, the Lyceum.
  • 323 BCE
    Aristotle leaves Athens following the death of Alexander the Great.
  • c. 314 BCE
    Zeno of Citium is shipwrecked and stranded in Athens.
  • 306 BCE
    Epicurus buys a garden in Athens in which he begins to teach Epicureanism.
  • 166 BCE
    Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
  • 166 BCE
    Rome puts Delos under the jurisdiction of Athens and makes the island a free port.
  • 159 BCE - 138 BCE
    King Attalos II of Pergamon builds the great Stoa in the Agora of Athens.
  • c. 110 BCE - c. 50 BCE
    Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
  • 86 BCE
    Siege of Athens by the Roman general Sulla. Agora is destroyed.
  • 86 BCE
    The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.
  • 27 BCE - 14 CE
    Reign of Augustes Caesar. Athens and the Agora restored.
  • 117 CE - 138 CE
    Rule of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who supports great building projects in and around the Agora of Athens.
  • 267 CE
    Agora of Athens burned by invading Herulians.
  • 267 CE
    The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
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Legend:

7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE  
 
7000 BCE - 5000 BCE: Earliest known human habitation on the Acropolis and around the Agora of Athens.
 
1550 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean Period. Agora established at Athens.
 
1100 BCE - 600 BCE: Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.
 
683 BCE - 682 BCE: List of annual archons at Athens begins.
 
 
624 BCE: Drakon codifies Athenian law.
 
 
600 BCE - 550 BCE: The Dionysia becomes a major Athenian festival in honour of Dionysos.
 
600 BCE - 480 BCE: Attic black-figure pottery dominates the greek ceramic market.
 
 
594 BCE - 593 BCE: In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
 
 
580 BCE: Long-distance aqueducts were constructed at Samos and Athens.
 
560 BCE - 507 BCE: Further development and expansion of the Agora of Athens.
 
 
560 BCE: Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
 
 
546 BCE: Pisistratus lands his Argive mercenary force at Marathon and with victory at Pallene establishes himself once again as tyrant of Athens.
 
 
540 BCE: Athens removes and prohibits further burials on Delos to purify the sacred island.
 
525 BCE - 456 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
 
 
514 BCE: The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
 
514 BCE: Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
 
 
508 BCE: Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
 
507 BCE: Cleisthenes establishes new form of government, Democracy, in Athens.
 
496 BCE - 406 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
 
495 BCE: Birth of Pericles.
 
493 BCE: The first fortifications are constructed at Athens' port of Piraeus.
 
 
490 BCE: Athens builds a treasury at Delphi following their victory at Marathon against Persia.
 
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
 
 
490 BCE - 480 BCE: A 1.4m tall Iris or Nike sculpture is erected on the acropolis of Athens in memory of the general Kallimachos, killed in the battle of Marathon.
 
487 BCE - 486 BCE: Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
 
484 BCE - 407 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
 
482 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
 
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
 
480 BCE: The fortifications of Piraeus instigated by Themistocles are completed.
 
 
480 BCE: Sack of Athens by the Persians under Xerxes. The Agora is destroyed.
 
 
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
 
 
478 BCE - 454 BCE: The treasury of the Delian League is kept on Delos until its removal to Athens.
 
478 BCE - 404 BCE: The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
 
470 BCE: Statue group of Harmodius and Aristogiton in Athens.
 
 
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
 
465 BCE: Construction of the Long Walls fortifications joining Athens to the port of Piraeus are begun.
 
 
462 BCE - 458 BCE: Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
 
462 BCE - 461 BCE: Radicalisation of democracy in Athens; Cimon exiled, Pericles comes to exercise influence.
 
461 BCE - 429 BCE: Pericles is ruler of Athens.
 
460 BCE - 403 BCE: Life of Critias, one of the Thirty Tyrants of Athens.
 
460 BCE - 459 BCE: Megara switches sides to Athens; outbreak of war with the Peloponnesians – Athenians initially victorious.
 
460 BCE - 320 CE: Period of full and direct citizen democracy in Athens.
 
460 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
 
460 BCE - 380 BCE: Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
 
460 BCE - 429 BCE: The Age of Pericles. Athenian Agora is rebuilt, construction of Parthenon.
 
 
459 BCE - 456 BCE: Athens conquers Aegina. Island becomes subject/ally of Athens. Begins to decline.
 
 
458 BCE: A treaty of cooperation is signed between the Sicilian city-state of Segesta and Athens.
 
 
457 BCE: Sparta wins the battle of Tanagra during the 1st Peloponnesian War with Athens.
 
 
457 BCE: Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
 
 
454 BCE: Failure of Egyptian expedition; some League members unsuccessfully revolt. Removal of League treasury from Delos to Athens.
 
 
454 BCE: The Athenians move the treasury of the Delian League from Delos to Athens.
 
 
453 BCE: Pericles erects trophy at Nemea after Athenian victory over the Sikyonians.
 
451 BCE - 450 BCE: Peace between Argos and Sparta. Athens and Sparta conclude five-year truce.
 
451 BCE - 403 CE: Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
 
450 BCE: First klepsydra - water timekeeping device - used in Athens.
 
 
449 BCE: The Hephaisteion, temple to Athena & Hephaistos, built in Athens.
 
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Pheidias.
 
447 BCE: Construction of the Acropolis of Athens begins under Pericles' leadership.
 
 
447 BCE - 446 BCE: Boeotian cities revolt against Athens. Secessions in Euboea and Megara.
 
446 BCE: The Middle Wall fortifications are added to the Long Walls which connect Athens and the port of Piraeus.
 
 
446 BCE - 445 BCE: Spartans invade Attica. Thirty Years’ Peace between Athens and Sparta.
 
446 BCE - 445 BCE: Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
 
445 BCE - 365 BCE: Life of Greek Cynic philosopher Antisthenes of Athens.
 
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
 
443 BCE - 442 BCE: Sophocles is one of the state treasurers in Athens.
 
440 BCE: The sophist Protagoras of Abdera, claiming 'man is the measure of all things', visits Athens.
 
 
438 BCE: The cult statue of Athena Parthenos is dedicated in the Parthenon of Athens.
 
437 BCE: Athens founds the colony of Amphipolis in northern Macedonia.
 
 
437 BCE - 431 BCE: The Propylaea is constructed on the acropolis of Athens under the supervision of Mnesicles.
 
 
433 BCE: A naval battle between the victorious combined forces of Corcyra and Athens against Corinth.
 
 
433 BCE: Alliance between Athens and Corcyra.
 
433 BCE - 432 BCE: Athens concludes treaties with Italiot and Siceliot cities. Megarian decree commercially isolates Megara.
 
 
432 BCE: Sparta declares that Athens has broken the Thirty Year Peace and prepares for war.
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
 
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The Cycladic city states side with Athens in the Peloponnesian war against Sparta and her allies.
 
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
 
431 BCE: Athens invades Megara.
 
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The Peloponnesian Wars which leave Athens defeated and the Agora damaged.
 
 
430 BCE - 354 BCE: Life of Xenophon of Athens.
 
430 BCE: The plague decimates Athens.
 
429 BCE: Athens successfully campaigns in the Corinthian Gulf regions during the Peloponnesian War.
 
429 BCE: Following attacks by Sparta, fortifications at the port of Piraeus are extended to reduce the width of the harbour entrances.
 
 
427 BCE: Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
 
 
427 BCE - 347 BCE: Life of Plato.
 
 
425 BCE - 420 BCE: The Temple dedicated to Athena Nike is constructed on the acropolis of Athens.
 
425 BCE: Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes' command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.
 
 
424 BCE: The Athenian expeditions against Megara and Boeotia are a failure with a particularly heavy defeat near Delion.
 
424 BCE: A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.
 
422 BCE: Spartan general Brasidas employs Myrkinian and Chalkidian peltasts to defeat a force of Athenian hoplites at Amphipolis.
 
 
421 BCE - 406 BCE: The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
 
421 BCE - 416 BCE: ‘Cold war’ between Athens and Corinth.
 
 
417 BCE - 415 BCE: Melos, after supporting Sparta in the Peloponnesian War, is attacked by Athens.
 
 
415 BCE: Alcibiades persuades the Athenian assembly to send a military expedition to Sicily.
 
 
415 BCE: The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
 
 
415 BCE - 413 BCE: Athenian expedition to attack Syracuse.
 
 
415 BCE: Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
 
414 BCE: Athens constructs fortifications at Sounion.
 
 
414 BCE: The Athenian expedition in Sicily ends in disastrous defeat and the Athenian generals Nikias and Demosthenes are executed.
 
413 BCE: Agrigento remains neutral in the war between Athens and Syracuse.
 
413 BCE: Sophocles is part of a ten-man council to debate action following Athens' disastrous Sicilian Expedition.
 
 
413 BCE: On the advice of Alcibiades the Spartans take over the Athenian-held fort of Dekeleia.
 
 
412 BCE: Rhodes revolts against Athens and supports Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
 
 
411 BCE: The oligarchy of the 400 take over the democracy in Athens and in a matter of months is replaced by an oligarchy of 5000.
 
 
410 BCE: Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
 
 
407 BCE: Alcibiades returns to Athens in triumph and is made strategos autokrater.
 
 
406 BCE: The Athenian fleet is defeated by Lysander of Sparta at Notium.
 
 
404 BCE: Athens loses War; League dissolved.
 
 
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
 
 
404 BCE: Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus destroying parts of the Long Wall fortifications.
 
403 BCE: Restoration of the democracy in Athens, death of the tyrant Critias.
 
 
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
 
390 BCE: Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.
 
 
387 BCE: Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus.
 
 
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
 
 
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
 
 
377 BCE - 355 BCE: The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .
 
367 BCE: Aristotle begins studies in Athens at Plato's Academy.
 
 
363 BCE: A rebellion against Athenian dominance of the Second Athenian League on Keos is quashed by Athens.
 
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
 
 
354 BCE: Xenophon dies at Athens or Corinth.
 
347 BCE: Aristotle leaves Athens after Plato's death to pursue his own line of inquiry.
 
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
 
338 BCE: The Battle of Charonea gives Athens to the Macedonian victors. Agora takes on Macedonian characteristics.
 
338 BCE: The first battle of Chaeronea. Philip of Macedon defeated the Greek alliance directed against him, led by Athens and Thebes.
 
335 BCE: Aristotle returns to Athens to set up his school, the Lyceum.
 
323 BCE: Aristotle leaves Athens following the death of Alexander the Great.
 
314 BCE: Zeno of Citium is shipwrecked and stranded in Athens.
 
306 BCE: Epicurus buys a garden in Athens in which he begins to teach Epicureanism.
 
 
166 BCE: Rome gives dominion over the Cyclades to Athens.
 
 
166 BCE: Rome puts Delos under the jurisdiction of Athens and makes the island a free port.
 
159 BCE - 138 BCE: King Attalos II of Pergamon builds the great Stoa in the Agora of Athens.
 
 
110 BCE - 50 BCE: Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
 
 
86 BCE: Siege of Athens by the Roman general Sulla. Agora is destroyed.
 
 
86 BCE: The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.
 
27 BCE - 14 CE: Reign of Augustes Caesar. Athens and the Agora restored.
 
117 CE - 138 CE: Rule of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who supports great building projects in and around the Agora of Athens.
 
267 CE: Agora of Athens burned by invading Herulians.
 
267 CE: The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7000 BCE 6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE

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