Agriculture Timeline

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  • c. 12,000 BCE - c. 9,000 BCE
    The Mesolithic (or Middle Stone Age), lasting from the end of the last Ice Age until the start of agriculture, between c. 9000-c. 4000 BCE.
  • 10,000 BCE
    Beginnings of agriculture in the Middle East.
  • 9,000 BCE
    Cultivation of wild cereals in the Fertile Crescent.
  • c. 9,000 BCE - c. 3,300 BCE
    The Neolithic (or New Stone Age), lasting from the start of agriculture between c. 9000-c. 4000 BCE until the beginning of bronze use c. 3300 BCE.
  • 9,000 BCE
    Wild sheep flocks are managed in the Zagros mountains.
  • 7,700 BCE
    First domesticated wheats in the Fertile Crescent.
  • 7,000 BCE - 2,000 BCE
    The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
  • 7,000 BCE
    Domestication of goats.
  • 7,000 BCE
    Plant cultivation in North America.
  • 6,700 BCE
    Domestication of sheep.
  • c. 6,500 BCE
    Cultivation of peas in the Eastern Mediterranean.
  • 6,500 BCE
    Domestication of pigs.
  • 6,000 BCE
    Domestication of cattle.
  • c. 6,000 BCE
    First irrigation.
  • c. 6,000 BCE - 2,900 BCE
    Neolithic Age settlements in Greece, beginning of agriculture. .
  • 5,200 BCE
    Domestication of chickens in China.
  • c. 5,000 BCE
    Cultivation of peas in Europe.
  • 5,000 BCE
    Villages arise in China around the Yellow river. Terraced farming begins and rice is cultivated.
  • 5,000 BCE
    Organised farming begins in Egypt.
  • 5,000 BCE
    Irrigation and agriculture begin in earnest in Mesopotamia.
  • 4,500 BCE
    Invention of the plow.
  • 4,000 BCE
    Use of wool for textiles.
  • 3,500 BCE
    Farming has spread across Europe.
  • 3,000 BCE
    Domestication of alpacas and llamas in the Andes.
  • c. 3,000 BCE
    Potatoes are grown in the Andes.
  • c. 2,700 BCE
    Corn is first cultivated in Mesoamerica.
  • 2,000 BCE
    Domesticated horses introduced in Mesopotamia.
  • c. 2,000 BCE - c. 1,000 BCE
    Ninurta, though still associated with agriculture, is primarily a hero-god of war.
  • 1,500 BCE
    Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
  • 1,345 BCE
    The world's first manual on training horses is written by the Mitanni horse trainer Kikkuli (found in Hattusa).
  • 525 BCE - 323 BCE
    Heka represented as a child in Late Period of Ancient Egypt, associated with agriculture.
  • c. 200 BCE
    Iron in the Celtic world experiences a significant boom. Iron manufacturing increase in all facets of life such as weapon construction and agriculture items.

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Legend:

12,000 BCE 11,500 BCE 11,000 BCE 10,500 BCE 10,000 BCE 9,500 BCE 9,000 BCE 8,500 BCE 8,000 BCE 7,500 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,500 BCE 5,000 BCE 4,500 BCE 4,000 BCE 3,500 BCE 3,000 BCE 2,500 BCE 2,000 BCE 1,500 BCE 1,000 BCE 500 BCE  
 
 
12,000 BCE - 9,000 BCE: The Mesolithic (or Middle Stone Age), lasting from the end of the last Ice Age until the start of agriculture, between c. 9000-c. 4000 BCE.
 
 
10,000 BCE: Beginnings of agriculture in the Middle East.
 
 
9,000 BCE: Cultivation of wild cereals in the Fertile Crescent.
 
 
9,000 BCE - 3,300 BCE: The Neolithic (or New Stone Age), lasting from the start of agriculture between c. 9000-c. 4000 BCE until the beginning of bronze use c. 3300 BCE.
 
9,000 BCE: Wild sheep flocks are managed in the Zagros mountains.
 
 
7,700 BCE: First domesticated wheats in the Fertile Crescent.
 
7,000 BCE - 2,000 BCE: The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
 
 
7,000 BCE: Domestication of goats.
 
7,000 BCE: Plant cultivation in North America.
 
 
6,700 BCE: Domestication of sheep.
 
 
6,500 BCE: Cultivation of peas in the Eastern Mediterranean.
 
 
6,500 BCE: Domestication of pigs.
 
 
6,000 BCE: Domestication of cattle.
 
 
6,000 BCE: First irrigation.
 
 
6,000 BCE - 2,900 BCE: Neolithic Age settlements in Greece, beginning of agriculture. .
 
5,200 BCE: Domestication of chickens in China.
 
 
5,000 BCE: Cultivation of peas in Europe.
 
 
5,000 BCE: Villages arise in China around the Yellow river. Terraced farming begins and rice is cultivated.
 
5,000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
 
 
5,000 BCE: Irrigation and agriculture begin in earnest in Mesopotamia.
 
4,500 BCE: Invention of the plow.
 
4,000 BCE: Use of wool for textiles.
 
 
3,500 BCE: Farming has spread across Europe.
 
3,000 BCE: Domestication of alpacas and llamas in the Andes.
 
3,000 BCE: Potatoes are grown in the Andes.
 
 
2,700 BCE: Corn is first cultivated in Mesoamerica.
 
 
2,000 BCE: Domesticated horses introduced in Mesopotamia.
 
2,000 BCE - 1,000 BCE: Ninurta, though still associated with agriculture, is primarily a hero-god of war.
 
1,500 BCE: Pastoral farming spreads across Eurasian steppes.
 
 
1,345 BCE: The world's first manual on training horses is written by the Mitanni horse trainer Kikkuli (found in Hattusa).
 
525 BCE - 323 BCE: Heka represented as a child in Late Period of Ancient Egypt, associated with agriculture.
 
200 BCE: Iron in the Celtic world experiences a significant boom. Iron manufacturing increase in all facets of life such as weapon construction and agriculture items.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12,000 BCE 10,000 BCE 8,000 BCE 6,000 BCE 4,000 BCE 2,000 BCE

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