Visual Timeline: Syria

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
6000 BCE: Settlement of Tell Brak founded in Syria.
 
4000 BCE: City of Mari founded in Syria.
 
3000 BCE: Trade already established between Syria and Egypt.
 
3000 BCE: City of Ebla founded in Syria.
 
2500 BCE: Mari and Ebla already important trade centers.
 
 
2334 BCE - 2279 BCE: Reign of Sargon the Great of Akkad who conquers Syria.
 
2240 BCE: Naram-Sin of Akkad campaigns against the Amorites in northern Syria.
 
 
1344 BCE - 1322 BCE: Reign of the Hittite king Suppiluliuma I. Hittites conquer Syria.
 
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
 
 
1245 BCE: Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta I defeats Hittites at Nihriya. Assyrians rule Syria.
 
 
1200 BCE: Region of Syria invaded by Sea Peoples.
 
912 BCE - 612 BCE: Syria is part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
 
 
605 BCE - 549 BCE: Babyon rules over Syria.
 
549 BCE - 300 BCE: The Persian Achaemenid Empire rules Syria.
 
 
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Syria and turns toward Egypt.
 
312 BCE - 83 BCE: Syria under the rule of Seleucid Empire.
 
274 BCE - 271 BCE: The first Syrian war, marking the beginning of the contest between the Ptolemies and the Seleucids for Phoenicia and Coele-Syria.
 
 
83 BCE: Tigranes the Great of Armenia liberates Syria and rules the region.
 
 
64 BCE: Pompey the Great claims Syria for Rome.
 
66 CE - 73 CE: Syrian troops participate in the First Jewish-Roman War.
 
 
115 CE - 116 CE: Roman Empire annexes Syria.
 
 
125 CE - 180 CE: Life of the Rhetorician and Satirist Lucian of Samosata, an Hellenized Syrian writing in Attic Greek during the Second Sophistic.
 
132 CE - 136 CE: Syrian troops under Rome suppress the Bar Kokhba Revolt.
 
476 CE: Fall of the Western Roman Empire. Syria continues under Eastern (Byzantine)Empire.
 
 
637 CE: Muslim forces defeat the Byzantine army. Syria becomes part of Rashidun Caliphate.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE