Visual Timeline: Susa
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4200 BCE: Founding of the city of Susa.
647 BCE: Destruction of the Elamite city of Susa.
549 BCE - 486 BCE: Susa is rebuilt and renovated by Persian King Darius the Great.
538 BCE: The Persian King Cyrus the Great conquers Susa.
465 BCE - 424 BCE: Susa is destroyed by fire under the reign of King Artaxerxes I.
404 BCE - 358 BCE: Artaxerxes II Mnemon rebuilds Susa.
331 BCE: Susa surrenders without contest to Alexander the Great.
312 BCE - 63 BCE: Susa is part of the Seleucid Empire.
638 CE: Susa is sacked and destroyed by Muslim invaders under Caliph Omar.
1218 CE: Susa is completely destroyed by invading Mongols.