Visual Timeline: Philosophy

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

1500 BCE 1400 BCE 1300 BCE 1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
 
 
1500 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Rig Veda written, mentioning the god Rudra (Shiva) for the first time.
 
 
700 BCE: Indian scholars codify and reinterpret Aryan beliefs to create the Upanishads texts forming the basis of Hinduism.
 
700 BCE: Development of the Charvaka school of philosophy in India.
 
610 BCE - 546 BCE: Life time of Anaximander.
 
 
599 BCE - 527 BCE: Traditional dating of the life of Vardhamana, according to Jain tradition.
 
 
585 BCE: Time in which Thales of Miletus lived.
 
585 BCE - 528 BCE: Time in which Anaximenes of Miletus lived.
 
570 BCE - 478 BCE: Life of Xenophanes.
 
500 BCE - 475 BCE: Approximate time of Heraclitus' life.
 
 
500 BCE: Life of the Chinese Sophist/Philosopher Teng Shih (probable date of death 522 or 502 BCE).
 
 
500 BCE: Probable life of the Chinese philosopher Lao-Tzu, founder of Taoism and author of the Tao-Te-Ching.
 
 
500 BCE: Probable life of Sun-Tzu, Military Strategist, author of The Art of War.
 
492 BCE - 432 BCE: Life of the philosopher Empidocles of Agrigento.
 
490 BCE - 410 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to modern scholar consensus.
 
485 BCE - 415 BCE: Life time of Protagoras of Abdera.
 
 
470 BCE - 391 BCE: Life of the Chinese pacifist philosopher Mo Ti, founder of Mohism.
 
 
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
 
460 BCE - 370 BCE: Life of Democritus.
 
450 BCE - 370 BCE: Life of Antisthenes, found of the Cynic school of philosophy.
 
 
440 BCE - 360 BCE: Life of Chinese Hedonist Philosopher Yang Zhu.
 
 
430 BCE - 354 BCE: Life of Xenophon of Athens.
 
 
427 BCE - 347 BCE: Life of Plato.
 
 
427 BCE: Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
 
 
407 BCE: Plato meets Socrates, abandons aspiration to be playwright.
 
404 BCE - 323 BCE: Life of Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope.
 
 
403 BCE: Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
 
 
399 BCE: Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
 
 
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
 
 
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
 
 
372 BCE - 289 BCE: Life of the Confucian philosopher Mencius (Mang-Tze).
 
 
367 BCE: Plato's second trip to Syracuse.
 
343 BCE: King Philip II of Macedon summons Aristotle to tutor his young son Alexander (later 'The Great').
 
336 BCE - 265 BCE: Life of the philosopher Zeno of Citium.
 
314 BCE: Zeno of Citium is shipwrecked and stranded in Athens.
 
 
213 BCE: The Burning of the Books and the Burying of Philosophers Period in China.
 
 
1 CE - 100 CE: The Mahayana movement begins in India with its belief in bodhisattva - saintly souls who helped the living.
 
89 CE: Banished from Rome by Domitian with the other philosophers, Epictetus travels to Nicopolis and sets up a school there.
 
 
108 CE: The historian Arrian studies with Epictetus, records his teachings.
 
 
121 CE - 180 CE: Life of Marcus Aurelius.
 
 
380 CE - 418 CE: Life time of Paulus Orosius.
 
 
500 CE - 600 CE: In India the Tantric expands the number of deities to include helpful demons, contactable through ritual.
 
524 CE - 525 CE: Boethius writes The Consolation of Philosophy while imprisoned by Theodoric in Pavia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1500 BCE 1100 BCE 700 BCE 300 BCE 100 CE