Visual Timeline: Nile
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5200 BCE: Nile River Valley first inhabited.
3150 BCE - 2686 BCE: Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Pharaos.
2630 BCE: First pyramid is built at Saqqara, Egypt.
2575 BCE - 2134 BCE: The Old Kingdom in Egypt.
2550 BCE - 2528 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
2055 BCE - 1650 BCE: The Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
1800 BCE: Bronze working introduced to Egypt.
1600 BCE: Founding of the kingdom of Kush, Nubia.
1550 BCE - 1069 BCE: The New Kingdom of Egypt.
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Tuthmosis I.
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
1180 BCE: The Sea Peoples begin increased incursions into Egypt.
800 BCE: Nubian capital of Meroë is founded.
750 BCE: Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
712 BCE - 671 BCE: Egypt is ruled by the Kushite dynasty.
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.