Visual Timeline: Medicine

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Legend:

6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
 
6500 BCE: First evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in France.
 
5000 BCE: Evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in China.
 
2667 BCE - 2648 BCE: Imhotep in Egypt writes medical texts describing diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases.
 
1800 BCE: The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus deals with women's health and contraception.
 
1500 BCE: Saffron used as medicine on the Aegaean island of Thera.
 
1050 BCE: Babylonian "Diagnostic Handbook" is written by the physician Esagil-kin-apli of Borsippa.
 
950 BCE - 1400 BCE: Evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in Mesoamerica.
 
800 BCE - 700 BCE: Homer's Iliad is composed with mention of medical treatment in Greek warfare.
 
700 BCE: First Greek medical school opens in Cnidus.
 
600 BCE: Charaka and Sushruta found two schools of Ayurveda.
 
460 BCE - 377 BCE: Traditional dates for the life of Hippocrates in Greece, the "father of medicine" and inventor of the Hippocratic Oath for physicians.
 
 
431 BCE: The temple to Apollo Medicus is built in Rome.
 
325 BCE - 280 BCE: Life of Herophilus of Chalcedon, who studied the brain and the nervous system, attributing intelligence to the brain.
 
 
292 BCE: The Romans adopt the Greek god of medicine Asclepius by stealing his sacred snake from Epidaurus and setting up a temple on the Tiber Island.
 
 
219 BCE: The physician Archagathus of Sparta arrives in Rome.
 
1 CE - 50 CE: Life of Roman physician Scribonius Largus.
 
43 CE: The physician Scribonius Largus travels to Britain with the entourage of Claudius.
 
60 CE - 130 CE: Life of the physician Soranus of Ephesos.
 
129 CE - 216 CE: Life of the physician Galen of Pergamon.
 
830 CE - 870 CE: Hunayn ibn Ishaq translates Galen's works into Arabic.
 
1030 CE: Avicenna writes the Book of Healing and the Canon of Medicine, based on earlier works.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6500 BCE 5500 BCE 4500 BCE 3500 BCE 2500 BCE 1500 BCE 500 BCE 500 CE