Visual Timeline: Lydia

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE  
 
1200 BCE: Lydia arises as a Neo-Hittite kingdom.
 
1185 BCE - 687 BCE: Heraclid dynasty rules Lydia.
 
687 BCE - 546 BCE: Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
 
 
687 BCE - 652 BCE: King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
 
 
625 BCE: Lydia drives back the Cimmerians and conquers Phrygia.
 
 
609 BCE - 560 BCE: Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
 
600 BCE: Gordium becomes part of Lydia.
 
 
585 BCE: A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
 
560 BCE - 547 BCE: Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
 
 
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
 
 
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
 
547 BCE - 546 BCE: Cyrus II of Persia conquers Lydia.
 
 
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE