Visual Timeline: India

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric 14500 BCE 14000 BCE 13500 BCE 13000 BCE 12500 BCE 12000 BCE 11500 BCE 11000 BCE 10500 BCE 10000 BCE 9500 BCE 9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
 
prehistoric: Human habitation of India.
 
5500 BCE: Cotton cultivation begins in India.
 
 
5000 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Indus Valley (or Harappan) Civilization.
 
 
5000 BCE: Evidence of religious practices in the Indus Valley.
 
 
4000 BCE: Indian village of Balathal inhabited.
 
4000 BCE: Farming settlements are established in the Indus Valley.
 
 
3300 BCE: Early Harappan Civilization of India practices burial of the dead.
 
 
3000 BCE - 2600 BCE: The rise of the great Indian cities of Mohenjo Daro and Harappa.
 
 
3000 BCE: First signs of urbanization in the Indus Valley.
 
 
2800 BCE: Later Harappan Civilization turns to cremation over burial.
 
 
2600 BCE: Dozens of towns and cities are established in the Indus Valley.
 
 
2000 BCE: Pepper is widely used in Indian cooking.
 
 
1700 BCE - 1500 BCE: Decline of the Harappan Culture in India.
 
 
1500 BCE: The Aryans - nomadic northerners from central Asia, begin to migrate into the Indus Valley.
 
 
1500 BCE - 500 CE: The Vedic Period in India.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Rig Veda written, mentioning the god Rudra (Shiva) for the first time.
 
 
1000 BCE: The Aryans expand into the Ganges valley in India.
 
 
700 BCE: Indian scholars codify and reinterpret Aryan beliefs to create the Upanishads texts forming the basis of Hinduism.
 
 
700 BCE: India is divided into 16 Aryan states or kingdoms.
 
600 BCE: Charaka and Sushruta found two schools of Ayurveda.
 
 
599 BCE - 527 BCE: Traditional dating of the life of Vardhamana, according to Jain tradition.
 
 
530 BCE: Persia conquers the Indus Valley.
 
 
500 BCE: The kingdom of Magadha, ruled by Bimbisara, is the most powerful state in India.
 
490 BCE - 410 BCE: The life of Siddhartha Gautama according to modern scholar consensus.
 
 
340 BCE - 298 BCE: Life of Indian Emperor Chandragupta, first ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
 
327 BCE - 325 BCE: Alexander's campaign in northern India.
 
 
322 BCE - 298 BCE: Reign of Chandragupta, first ruler of the Mauryan Empire.
 
 
320 BCE: Chandragupta Maurya seizes the throne of Magadhan and expands the kingdom over northern and central India.
 
 
305 BCE: Emperor Changragupta signs a treaty with Seleucus, establishing borders and giving the Punjab to Changragupta in return for 500 war elephants.
 
 
298 BCE: Indian ruler Chandragupta Maurya dies.
 
 
298 BCE - 272 BCE: Chandragupta's son, Bindusara, rules and expands the Maurya Empire.
 
 
298 BCE: Chandragupta voluntarily abdicates the throne in favour of his son Bindusara. Jain sources say that Chandragupta turned into an ascetic and follower of Jainism, migrated south and starved himself to death.
 
 
268 BCE: Ashoka becomes emperor of the Maurya dynasty in India.
 
 
260 BCE: Indian ruler Ashoka conquers the kingdom of Kalinga.
 
 
232 BCE: Indian ruler Ashoka dies and the Maurya empire declines.
 
 
200 BCE: Beginning of the Greco-Bactrian conquests in India.
 
186 BCE: Demetrios wins a decisive battle in Gandhara, beginning the Yona (or Greek era) in India.
 
165 BCE: The Greco-Bactrian king Eucratides invades India.
 
 
160 BCE - 135 BCE: Indo-Greek King Menander rules the Punjab.
 
 
130 BCE: Eucratids flee from Bactria to India. Rivalry between Eucratids and Euthydemids takes place in the Indo-Greek kingdoms.
 
30 BCE: Pepper is directly imported by Roman ships from India and its price decreases.
 
 
1 CE: First non-stop voyages from Egypt to India.
 
 
1 CE - 100 CE: The Mahayana movement begins in India with its belief in bodhisattva - saintly souls who helped the living.
 
100 CE: The large series of Mahayana Buddhist texts named in Sanskrit Prajnaparamita “Perfection of wisdom” begins to be written in Southern India.
 
 
320 CE: Gupta I founds the Gupta dynasty which would rule India for 600 years.
 
 
380 CE - 415 CE: Reign of Chandra Gupta II in India.
 
 
450 CE: India is invaded by the White Huns across the Hindu Kush.
 
 
500 CE - 600 CE: In India the Tantric expands the number of deities to include helpful demons, contactable through ritual.
 
500 CE: Life of Ajita Kesakambali, prominent member of the Charvaka school.
 
 
550 CE: The end of the reign of Visnugupta Chandraditya, last of the Gupta rulers in India.
 
 
712 CE: Muslim general Muhammed bin Quasim conquers northern India.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric prehistoric 13000 BCE 9000 BCE 5000 BCE