Visual Timeline: Hoplite
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650 BCE - 350 BCE: Hoplites are the major protagonists in Greek land warfare.
520 BCE: The hoplitodromos (a foot-race in hoplite armour is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
457 BCE: Sparta wins the battle of Tanagra during the 1st Peloponnesian War with Athens.
440 BCE: Hoplites become increasingly lighter-armoured, as new battle tactics required more mobility.
425 BCE: Athenian and Corinthian hoplites fight a street battle in the suburbs of Solygeia.
424 BCE: A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.
422 BCE: Spartan general Brasidas employs Myrkinian and Chalkidian peltasts to defeat a force of Athenian hoplites at Amphipolis.
390 BCE: Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.