Visual Timeline: Gaul

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.


600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE  
600 BCE: Phocaea founds the colony of Massilia.
400 BCE - 300 BCE: Founding of Lutetia.
390 BCE: Gauls sack Rome.
387 BCE: "Gallic Catastrophe:" Duke Brennus of the Celts defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome. Celts move off after ransom is paid.
334 BCE: Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.
284 BCE: Gauls of the Insubres and Boii tribes defeat the Romans at Arretium.
283 BCE: Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.
279 BCE: Gauls attack the sanctuary of Delphi.
222 BCE: Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
121 BCE: Gallia Narbonensis becomes a Roman province.
58 BCE - 51 BCE: Julius Caesar’s conquest of Gaul.
58 BCE: Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
57 BCE: A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
56 BCE: The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
54 BCE - 53 BCE: Ambiorix of the Eburones tribe destroys around 9,000 Roman soldiers at Atuatuca.
53 BCE: Julius Caesar holds council of Gallic tribes in Lutetia.
52 BCE: Caesar defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.
52 BCE: After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.
51 BCE: Caesar's capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.
44 BCE: The Allobroges unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in southern Gaul.
33 BCE: The Belgic Morini and the Celts of Aquitania unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule.
406 CE: Vandals, Suevi, and Alans invade Gaul.
486 CE: Clovis of the Franks defeats the Romans in Gaul. Founding of the Frankish kingdom.
600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE