Visual Timeline: Gaul

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE  
 
 
600 BCE: Phocaea founds the colony of Massilia.
 
400 BCE - 300 BCE: Founding of Lutetia.
 
390 BCE: Gauls sack Rome.
 
387 BCE: "Gallic Catastrophe:" Duke Brennus of the Celts defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome. Celts move off after ransom is paid.
 
 
334 BCE: Rome signs a peace treaty with the Senones tribe.
 
284 BCE: Gauls of the Insubres and Boii tribes defeat the Romans at Arretium.
 
283 BCE: Rome decisively defeats the Senones at Picenum.
 
 
279 BCE: Gauls attack the sanctuary of Delphi.
 
 
222 BCE: Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
 
121 BCE: Gallia Narbonensis becomes a Roman province.
 
 
58 BCE - 51 BCE: Julius Caesar’s conquest of Gaul.
 
 
58 BCE: Caesar attacks the Helvetii while on migration and defeats them.
 
58 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
 
57 BCE: A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
 
56 BCE: The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
 
54 BCE - 53 BCE: Ambiorix of the Eburones tribe destroys around 9,000 Roman soldiers at Atuatuca.
 
53 BCE: Julius Caesar holds council of Gallic tribes in Lutetia.
 
52 BCE: Caesar defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.
 
 
52 BCE: After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.
 
51 BCE: Caesar's capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.
 
44 BCE: The Allobroges unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in southern Gaul.
 
33 BCE: The Belgic Morini and the Celts of Aquitania unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule.
 
 
406 CE: Vandals, Suevi, and Alans invade Gaul.
 
 
486 CE: Clovis of the Franks defeats the Romans in Gaul. Founding of the Frankish kingdom.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE