Visual Timeline: Colonization
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1000 BCE: Phoenician trading colonies in the western Mediterranean.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Main period of Phoenician colonization.
750 BCE: Phoenicians found the colony of Motya on Sicily.
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
733 BCE: Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
630 BCE: Greek colonists from the island of Thera found the city of Cyrene in North Africa.
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
500 BCE: Carthage expands into southern Spain.
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
396 BCE: The Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
44 BCE: Julius Caesar founds the Roman colony of Corinth.