Visual Timeline: Colonization

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE  
 
 
1000 BCE: Phoenician trading colonies in the western Mediterranean.
 
 
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
 
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Main period of Phoenician colonization.
 
 
750 BCE: Phoenicians found the colony of Motya on Sicily.
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
 
 
733 BCE: Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
 
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
 
630 BCE: Greek colonists from the island of Thera found the city of Cyrene in North Africa.
 
 
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
 
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
 
 
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
 
500 BCE: Carthage expands into southern Spain.
 
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
 
 
396 BCE: The Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
 
 
44 BCE: Julius Caesar founds the Roman colony of Corinth.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE