Visual Timeline: China

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
 
6500 BCE: Rice cultivation begins in the Yangtze River valley in China.
 
 
5000 BCE: Villages arise in China around the Yellow river. Terraced farming begins and rice is cultivated.
 
5000 BCE: Evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in China.
 
 
5000 BCE: Dead buried with grave goods at Banpo Village, China.
 
 
4800 BCE: Neolithic village of Banpo in China built.
 
 
4500 BCE - 3750 BCE: The Neolithic village of Banpo is inhabited.
 
 
2070 BCE - 1600 BCE: Xia Dynasty is the first dynasty recorded in ancient Chinese historical chronicles.
 
 
1600 BCE - 1046 BCE: Shang dynasty rules much of northern China.
 
 
1300 BCE: The chariot is introduced to China from the northwest.
 
 
1300 BCE: The Chinese Shang dynasty moves its capital to Anyang.
 
 
1046 BCE - 771 BCE: Western Zhou dynasty replaces the Shang Dynasty in China.
 
 
772 BCE - 476 BCE: The Spring and Autumn Period.
 
 
771 BCE: Following nomadic attacks in the west, the Chinese Zhou dynasty moves its capital east to Luoyang. Beginning of Eastern Zhou Period.
 
551 BCE - 479 BCE: Life of Confucius.
 
 
512 BCE - 506 BCE: The Wu Chu wars in China between the States of Wu and Chu.
 
 
506 BCE: The Battle of Boju at which the Wu forces under Sun-Tzu defeated the Chu.
 
 
500 BCE: Life of the Chinese Sophist/Philosopher Teng Shih (probable date of death 522 or 502 BCE).
 
 
500 BCE: Probable life of the Chinese philosopher Lao-Tzu, founder of Taoism and author of the Tao-Te-Ching.
 
 
500 BCE: Probable life of Sun-Tzu, Military Strategist, author of The Art of War.
 
 
476 BCE - 221 BCE: Period of the Warring States in China.
 
 
470 BCE - 391 BCE: Life of the Chinese pacifist philosopher Mo Ti, founder of Mohism.
 
 
440 BCE - 360 BCE: Life of Chinese Hedonist Philosopher Yang Zhu.
 
 
372 BCE - 289 BCE: Life of the Confucian philosopher Mencius (Mang-Tze).
 
 
328 BCE - 308 BCE: Rise of the Chinese state of Qin.
 
 
262 BCE - 260 BCE: The Battle of Changping, one of the most important battles in the Warring States Period in China between Zhao and Qin.
 
 
259 BCE - 210 BCE: Life of Ying Zheng of Qin, Shi Huangti, First Emperor of China.
 
 
256 BCE: The army of the state of Qin captures the city of Chengzhou and the last Zhou ruler, King Nan, is killed. End of the Zhou dynasty.
 
 
221 BCE - 210 BCE: First emperor of a united China, Shi Huangti, rules.
 
 
220 BCE - 210 BCE: Emperor Shi Huangti initiates building the Great Wall of China and the Grand Canal.
 
 
218 BCE: Construction of the Great Wall of China is initiated.
 
 
213 BCE: The Burning of the Books and the Burying of Philosophers Period in China.
 
 
210 BCE - 206 BCE: China rises in rebellion against crumbling Qin Dynasty.
 
 
206 BCE: Chinese Qin empire collapses following the death of emperor Shi Huangti. Civil War begins.
 
 
206 BCE - 9 CE: The Han dynasty rules China from their capital in Chang'an.
 
 
206 BCE: The Emperor Shi Huangti is buried with a terracotta army of more than 8,000 soldiers in a palace tomb.
 
 
206 BCE: Emperor Gaozu (Liu Bang) becomes the first Han ruler.
 
 
202 BCE: Liu-Bang of Han establishes the Han Dynasty in China.
 
 
202 BCE: The Battle of Gaixia in which the Han forces defeat the Chu.
 
 
202 BCE: Liu Bang is proclaimed emperor of China after defeating the rebel Xiang Yu.
 
 
195 BCE: Liu Bang’s died. His empress Lü Zhi (also known as Lü Hou) tried to confiscate the empire for her own family. The conflict lasted for 15 years.
 
141 BCE - 87 BCE: Reign of Emperor Emperor Wu (also known as Wu Di).
 
 
140 BCE - 87 BCE: Han emperor Wu rules and expands Han territory in China.
 
 
138 BCE - 126 BCE: Zhang Qian, as envoy of the Han emperor, opens up the 'Silk Road' trading route between China and central Asia.
 
 
117 BCE - 100 BCE: Han emperors extend the western part of the Great Wall of China.
 
 
111 BCE: Kingdom of Nan-Yueh (northern Vietnam) comes under Chinese administration.
 
 
109 BCE: Chinese Han Empire conquers the kingdom of Tien.
 
 
104 BCE - 101 BCE: The War of the Heavenly Horses, general Li Guangli forces the city of Da Yuan (Alexandria Eschate) into tributary status.
 
 
2 CE: The population of Chang’an, the imperial capital of China, had a population of nearly 250 thousand people.
 
 
9 CE - 23 CE: Emperor Wang Mang, known as a reformist, reigns in China, founds Xin Dynasty.
 
9 CE: Wang Man takes control of the empire by usurping the throne and proclaiming the the beginning of a new dynasty called Xin “new”.
 
 
23 CE: The sack of Chang'an, imperial capital of China.
 
 
23 CE: After the sack of Chang'an, Liu Xiu led his loyal officials to the city of Luoyang, where the Chinese imperial capital was relocated.
 
 
25 CE - 220 CE: The Eastern Han dynasty rules China.
 
 
91 CE: The Han dynasty of China invades Mongolia.
 
 
160 CE: Chinese Han empire in decline.
 
 
168 CE - 189 CE: Ling is emperor in China.
 
 
184 CE - 192 CE: The 'Yellow Turban' rebellion is quashed by the Han in China.
 
184 CE: A large peasant uprising known as the Yellow Turban Rebellion (sometimes referred to as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion) threatened the city of Luoyang.
 
 
190 CE: Luoyang, the Han capital in China, is burned.
 
190 CE: Dong Zhou seized control of the Chinese imperial capital and placed a child, Liu Xie, as the new ruler.
 
 
208 CE: China is divided into three regional kingdoms.
 
 
220 CE: Liu Xie abdicated the throne. Wars between warlords and states continued and China would have to wait about 350 years to be unified again.
 
 
304 CE: The nomadic Xiongu break through the Great Wall of China.
 
 
589 CE - 618 CE: Sui Dynasty in China.
 
 
618 CE - 907 CE: T'ang Dynasty in China.
 
 
907 CE - 960 CE: The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China.
 
 
907 CE: Zhu Wen establish Later Liang Dynasty in China. The start of the Five Dynasties.
 
 
960 CE - 1234 CE: Sung Dynasty in China.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6500 BCE 5500 BCE 4500 BCE 3500 BCE 2500 BCE 1500 BCE 500 BCE 500 CE