Visual Timeline: Britain

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

12000 BCE 11500 BCE 11000 BCE 10500 BCE 10000 BCE 9500 BCE 9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
12000 BCE: Paleolithic seasonal camp at Howburn Farm in Biggar, Scotland, visited regularly.
 
10500 BCE - 7000 BCE: Mesolithic settlements established (many seasonal) in Scotland.
 
6500 BCE: Possibly the last time there was a land bridge between Britain and the continent.
 
6000 BCE: Bones and antlers used as tools, ring and cup marks on stones begin appearing in Scotland.
 
3500 BCE: The vast stone complex known as the Ness of Brodgar in use in Orkney.
 
3100 BCE: Neolithic village of Skara Brae inhabited.
 
3100 BCE - 2500 BCE: Megalithic Period in which majority of standing stone sites were constructed.
 
 
3000 BCE - 2800 BCE: The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
 
2500 BCE: Migration of the so-called Beaker People to Scotland.
 
2000 BCE: Completion of Stonehenge, Britain.
 
2000 BCE - 1500 BCE: Wessex culture introduces bronze working to Britain.
 
2000 BCE - 1400 BCE: Early Bronze Age in Scotland.
 
1400 BCE - 900 BCE: Middle Bronze Age in Scotland.
 
900 BCE - 400 BCE: Late Bronze Age in Scotland.
 
900 BCE: Celtic Migration begins in Europe with many Celts landing in Scotland.
 
55 BCE - 54 BCE: Julius Caesar invades Britain twice.
 
 
55 BCE - 54 BCE: Julius Caesar's expeditions in Britain.
 
55 BCE: Caesar attempts to invade Britain.
 
54 BCE: Caesar successfully invades Britain but withdraws to Gaul.
 
54 BCE - 43 CE: Roman influence grows in Britain owing to trade.
 
43 CE: Romans invade Britain under Aulus Plautius.
 
 
43 CE - 47 CE: Romans conquer South Britain and claim the territory as part of Roman Empire.
 
43 CE: Claudius commences the Roman conquest of Britain.
 
43 CE: Claudian invasion of Britain, includes the Legio II Augusta.
 
47 CE - 50 CE: Londinium (London) founded, roads constructed.
 
51 CE: Briton rebel leader Caratacus defeated, rebellion crushed.
 
 
60 CE - 61 CE: Boudicca's Revolt in Britain.
 
 
60 CE - 61 CE: Boudicca revolts, the Legio II Augusta does not respond to a call to arms.
 
 
75 CE - 77 CE: Romans defeat the last of the Northern tribes; Roman conquest of Britain complete.
 
 
122 CE: Construction begins on Hadrian's Wall.
 
 
133 CE: Hadrian’s wall is built in northern England.
 
 
142 CE: The Antonine Wall built under Antoninus Pius, north of Hadrian's Wall.
 
286 CE: Naval commander Carausius (Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Valerius Carausius) declares himself emperor in Britain and Northern Gaul.
 
293 CE: Emperor Carausius assassinated by Allectus.
 
 
410 CE: Rome withdraws forces from Britain.
 
450 CE: Angels and Saxons settle Britain.
 
 
500 CE: Kingdom of Dal Riada conquers the region of Scotland.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12000 BCE 10000 BCE 8000 BCE 6000 BCE 4000 BCE 2000 BCE