Visual Timeline: Architecture

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
 
 
3000 BCE - 2800 BCE: The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
 
 
2550 BCE - 2528 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
 
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1400 BCE: First palace structure and Treasury of Atreus tomb built at Mycenae.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean palace architecture at Tiryns.
 
 
1400 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean fortifications, palaces and tombs constructed at Argos.
 
 
1300 BCE - 1250 BCE: Cyclopean stone bridge built near Mycenae.
 
 
580 BCE: Long-distance aqueducts were constructed at Samos and Athens.
 
 
575 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II builds the Ishtar Gate and great walls of Babylon.
 
 
550 BCE - 430 BCE: Construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesos, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
546 BCE: Cyrus the Great begins construction of Pasargadae.
 
 
510 BCE - 370 BCE: Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.
 
 
457 BCE - 460 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Pheidias.
 
 
421 BCE - 406 BCE: The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch.
 
380 BCE: Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
 
 
312 BCE: Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16km long Aqua Appia.
 
 
146 BCE: First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
 
 
144 BCE - 140 BCE: Rome's 91 km long Aqua Marcia aqueduct constructed.
 
 
110 BCE - 50 BCE: Tower of The Winds by Andronicus constructed in Athens.
 
55 BCE: Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
 
 
20 BCE: Military engineer and architect Vitruvius publishes his "De Architectura".
 
 
19 BCE: Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
 
14 BCE - 96 CE: Rome launches an extensive cultural patronage and construction programme in Iberia.
 
13 BCE: Official inauguration of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
 
2 BCE: Augusutus inaugurates the Temple of Mars Ultor in Rome to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
 
1 CE - 100 CE: Construction of the temple of Jupiter Baal by the Romans at Baalbek.
 
65 CE: The Baths of Nero are built in Rome.
 
65 CE: The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt and its capacity increased to 250,000.
 
 
72 CE: Vespasian begins construction of the Colosseum in Rome.
 
113 CE: Trajan’s column is constructed in Rome which commemorates the emperor's campaigns in Dacia.
 
 
122 CE: Construction begins on Hadrian's Wall.
 
 
125 CE: The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
 
216 CE: End of the architectural project of the Severan forum.
 
235 CE: The Baths of Caracalla in Rome are completed.
 
 
315 CE: Arch of Constantine I built in Rome to commemorate victory over Maxentius in 312 CE.
 
315 CE: The Baths of Constantine I in Rome are completed.
 
 
450 CE: The adobe brick pyramids Huaca del Sol and Huaca de la Luna are constructed at Moche, capital of the Moche civilization.
 
 
608 CE: The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
 
 
1450 CE: Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui founds Machu Picchu in the High Andes.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE