Visual Timeline: Alexandria

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE 600 CE  
 
 
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Syria and turns toward Egypt.
 
 
331 BCE: Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.
 
 
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great.
 
 
305 BCE - 285 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, initiated of the Great Library.
 
300 BCE: Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
 
 
285 BCE - 246 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, developement of Library at Alexandria.
 
 
276 BCE - 195 BCE: Life of Eratosthenes, ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene and one of the greatest geographers in antiquity.
 
247 BCE: The lighthouse at Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
 
 
48 BCE: The Battle of Pharsalus at which Julius Caesar defeats Pompey.
 
 
48 BCE: Pompey killed at Alexandria, Caesar declares martial law in the city.
 
 
48 BCE - 44 BCE: Julius Caesar of Rome and Cleopatra VII of Egypt in unofficial alliance.
 
 
44 BCE: Assassination of Julius Caesar at Rome.
 
 
44 BCE - 30 BCE: Mark Antony of Rome allied with Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
 
 
31 BCE: Octavian Caesar defeats Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium.
 
 
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt.
 
 
30 BCE - 14 CE: Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.
 
 
115 CE: Destruction of Alexandria in the Kitos War.
 
 
117 CE: Restoration of Alexandria by Emperor Hadrian of Rome.
 
 
132 CE: Septuagint (Greek translation of the Bible) composed at Alexandria.
 
 
313 CE: Constantine the Great issues Edict of Milan, decrees religious tolerance.
 
 
314 CE: Religious strife increases between Christians and other faiths in Alexandria.
 
 
391 CE: Christian Patriarch Theophilus destroys pagan temples in Alexandria. .
 
 
415 CE: Hypatia of Alexandria murdered by Christian mob. Scholars and scientists leave the city. .
 
 
619 CE: Alexandria is conquered by the Sassanid Persians.
 
 
628 CE: Byzantine Empire re-takes Alexandria, Egypt, from the Persians.
 
 
641 CE: Arab Muslims under Caliph Umar take Alexandria from the Byzantine Christians.
 
 
641 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Christians and Arab Muslims fight for control of Alexandria and Egypt.
 
 
646 CE: The Arab Muslims defeat the Byzantine Christians. Alexandria falls under Islamic rule. .
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
400 BCE 200 BCE 0 CE 200 CE 400 CE