Visual Timeline: Africa

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.


5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
3500 BCE: The Sahara desert begins to spread in Africa due to climate change.
2000 BCE: Speakers of the Bantu language begin migrating southward.
2000 BCE: Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya.
1720 BCE: Egypt is conquered by the Hyksos.
1700 BCE: The Kingdom of Kush is formed to the south of Egypt.
813 BCE: Carthage is founded by Phoenicians.
650 BCE: Iron working spreads to North Africa.
630 BCE: Greek colonists from the island of Thera found the city of Cyrene in North Africa.
341 BCE: The Persians complete conquest of Egypt.
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
205 BCE: Scipio Africanus invades Africa to defeat Carthage.
204 BCE: Scipio Africanus sails over to Africa.
146 BCE: End of the Third Punic War. Carthage is destroyed and its lands become the Roman province Africa.
429 CE: Vandals cross Spain to the Maghreb.
534 CE: Justinian of the Byzantine Empire conquers the Vandal kingdom in Africa.
5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE