Visual Timeline: Africa

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE  
 
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
 
3500 BCE: The Sahara desert begins to spread in Africa due to climate change.
 
2000 BCE: Speakers of the Bantu language begin migrating southward.
 
2000 BCE: Farmers and herders travel south from Ethiopia and settle in Kenya.
 
 
1720 BCE: Egypt is conquered by the Hyksos.
 
1700 BCE: The Kingdom of Kush is formed to the south of Egypt.
 
 
813 BCE: Carthage is founded by Phoenicians.
 
 
650 BCE: Iron working spreads to North Africa.
 
 
630 BCE: Greek colonists from the island of Thera found the city of Cyrene in North Africa.
 
341 BCE: The Persians complete conquest of Egypt.
 
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
 
205 BCE: Scipio Africanus invades Africa to defeat Carthage.
 
204 BCE: Scipio Africanus sails over to Africa.
 
 
146 BCE: End of the Third Punic War. Carthage is destroyed and its lands become the Roman province Africa.
 
429 CE: Vandals cross Spain to the Maghreb.
 
 
534 CE: Justinian of the Byzantine Empire conquers the Vandal kingdom in Africa.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE