Visual Timeline: Thebes (Greece)

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

3000 BCE 2900 BCE 2800 BCE 2700 BCE 2600 BCE 2500 BCE 2400 BCE 2300 BCE 2200 BCE 2100 BCE 2000 BCE 1900 BCE 1800 BCE 1700 BCE 1600 BCE 1500 BCE 1400 BCE 1300 BCE 1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE  
 
3000 BCE: First evidence of habitation at Thebes.
 
2000 BCE: First shaft graves at Thebes.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean Thebes at its peak of prosperity and influence.
 
 
1250 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean chamber tombs constructed at Thebes.
 
 
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
 
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
 
 
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
 
 
379 BCE - 376 BCE: Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
 
375 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
 
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
 
 
371 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuktra.
 
368 BCE - 365 BCE: Young Philip II is held hostage in Thebes.
 
367 BCE: Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
 
364 BCE: Theban general Pelopidas killed at the Battle of Kynoskephalai.
 
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
 
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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