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3000 BCE: First evidence of habitation at Thebes.
2000 BCE: First shaft graves at Thebes.
1500 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean Thebes at its peak of prosperity and influence.
1250 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean chamber tombs constructed at Thebes.
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
379 BCE - 376 BCE: Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
375 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
371 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuktra.
368 BCE - 365 BCE: Young Philip II is held hostage in Thebes.
367 BCE: Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
364 BCE: Theban general Pelopidas killed at the Battle of Kynoskephalai.
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.