Visual Timeline: Roman Cavalry
To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.
750 BCE - 510 BCE: The semi-legendary celeres or trossuli - a 300-man cavalry corps which the first kings of Rome incorporated into the legion - is formed, later their number is increased to 600.
578 BCE - 535 BCE: Servius Tullius, the king of Rome, increases the number of the cavalry corps (equites) to 1,800.
400 BCE: The Roman cavalry is expanded to include riders who can pay for their own horse.
216 BCE: Battle of Cannae. Worst defeat in Roman history, against Carthage.
202 BCE: Battle of Zama. The Carthaginian army is defeated, Hannibal flees to Hadrumentum.
100 BCE: Roman cavalry riders are by now classified as auxilia and organised in wings or alae.
58 BCE - 51 BCE: Julius Caesar’s conquest of Gaul.
101 CE - 106 CE: Trajan conquers Dacia.