Visual Timeline: Ptolemy XIII

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Legend:

50 BCE  
 
50 BCE: Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler.
 
49 BCE: Sole rule of Ptolemy XIII, recognized by both Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, and his opponent, Pompey the Great.
 
48 BCE: Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII.
 
48 BCE: Caesar arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband their armies, but instead, war breaks out.
 
 
47 BCE: Ptolemy XIII is killed in action.
 
 
 
 
 
50 BCE