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4000 BCE: Founding of the city of Sidon.
1100 BCE - 600 BCE: Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.
1025 BCE: Migrants from Ionia settle on Naxos.
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
740 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Cumae in Magna Graecia.
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
733 BCE: Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
700 BCE - 600 BCE: King Phiedon leads Argos to its greatest expansion.
630 BCE: Thera founds the colony of Cyrene in North Africa.
546 BCE - 545 BCE: Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
501 BCE: Aegina's culture is at its height.
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
433 BCE: Tarentum founds Heraclea in Magna Graecia.
408 BCE: The various city-states of Rhodes form a single federal state.
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
89 BCE: All poleis or city-states in Magna Graecia come under Roman control.