Visual Timeline: Polis

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE  
 
4000 BCE: Founding of the city of Sidon.
 
1100 BCE - 600 BCE: Iron Age Development, public buildings erected at the Agora in Athens.
 
 
1025 BCE: Migrants from Ionia settle on Naxos.
 
 
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
 
 
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
740 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Cumae in Magna Graecia.
 
 
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
 
 
733 BCE: Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
 
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
700 BCE - 600 BCE: King Phiedon leads Argos to its greatest expansion.
 
 
630 BCE: Thera founds the colony of Cyrene in North Africa.
 
546 BCE - 545 BCE: Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
 
 
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
 
501 BCE: Aegina's culture is at its height.
 
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
 
 
433 BCE: Tarentum founds Heraclea in Magna Graecia.
 
408 BCE: The various city-states of Rhodes form a single federal state.
 
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
 
 
89 BCE: All poleis or city-states in Magna Graecia come under Roman control.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE