Visual Timeline: Olympia

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

1900 BCE 1800 BCE 1700 BCE 1600 BCE 1500 BCE 1400 BCE 1300 BCE 1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE 0 CE 100 CE 200 CE 300 CE 400 CE 500 CE  
 
 
1900 BCE: First evidence of settlement at Olympia.
 
 
776 BCE: First athletic games in honour of Zeus are held at Olympia with one event, the stadion foot race.
 
724 BCE: The diaulos foot-race (two lengths of the stadium) is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
720 BCE: The dolichos foot-race is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games and is won by Akanthos of Sparta.
 
720 BCE: Orsippos is the first athlete to discard his loincloth at the Olympic Games, establishing the convention for athletes to compete naked.
 
708 BCE: Wrestling and the pentathlon are added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
688 BCE: Boxing is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
680 BCE: Chariot races are added to the schedule of the Olympic Games which are extended to two days for the first time.
 
680 BCE: THe tethrippon (four-horse chariot race) is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
 
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Heraion, temple dedicated to Hera built at Olympia.
 
648 BCE: The Pankration (a mix of wrestling and boxing) is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
632 BCE: Events for boys are added to the schedule of the Olympic Games which are extended to three days for the first time.
 
532 BCE: Milon of Kroton wins the first of five consecutive wrestling competitions at the Olympic Games.
 
521 BCE: Phanas of Pellene wins the stadion, diaulos and race in armour in the same Olympic Games.
 
520 BCE: The hoplitodromos (a foot-race in hoplite armour is added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
488 BCE: Kroton of Magna Graecia wins the first of three consecutive stadion races in the Olympic Games.
 
488 BCE: Runner Astylos of Kroton wins the first of his six victories over three Olympic Games.
 
 
460 BCE: The west pediment of the Temple of Zeus at Olympia is decorated with a Centauromachy of centaurs fighting Lapiths at the wedding of Peirithoos.
 
 
457 BCE - 460 BCE: Temple of Zeus is built at Olympia with a statue of Apollo dominating the west pediment and containing the cult statue of Zeus by Pheidias.
 
 
457 BCE: Metopes on the Temple of Zeus at Olympia depict the twelve labours of Hercules.
 
 
456 BCE: The cult statue of Zeus by Phidias is dedicated in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia. It is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
 
 
424 BCE - 420 BCE: The Nike of Paionios is erected at Olympia to commemorate the Messenian and Naupaktian victory over Sparta at the battle of Sphakteria.
 
420 BCE: Sparta is excluded from the Olympic Games for breaking the ekecheiria or sacred truce.
 
416 BCE: Alcibiades wins three chariot races at the Olympic Games.
 
408 BCE: The synoris (two-horse chariot race) was added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
396 BCE: Competitions for heralds and trumpeters were added to the schedule of the Olympic Games.
 
392 BCE: The horse owner Kyniska becomes the first woman to win a victor's crown at the Olympic Games.
 
356 BCE: Philip II of Macedon wins the horse race at the Olympic Games.
 
352 BCE: Philip II of Macedon wins the chariot race at the Olympic Games and retains the crown in 348 BCE.
 
338 BCE: Philippeion built at Olympia by Philip II of Macedonia.
 
328 BCE: Herodoros of Megara wins the first of ten consecutive trumpet competitions at the Olympic Games.
 
164 BCE: Leonidas of Rhodes wins the first of his 12 Olympic crowns in runnning events in four successive Olymic Games.
 
72 BCE: Gaius becomes the first Roman victor at the Olympic Games.
 
17 CE: Roman emperor Tiberius is victorious at the Olympic Games.
 
67 CE: Emperor Nero competes at the panhellenic Games of Olympia and Delphi.
 
81 CE: Hermogenes of Xanthos wins the first of his 8 Olympic running crowns over three consecutive Olympic Games.
 
150 CE: Nymphaion fountain of Herodes Atticus built at Olympia.
 
261 CE: The list of victors running back to 776 BCE ends for the Olympic Games.
 
 
393 CE: Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.
 
 
426 CE: Emperor Theodosios II orders the destruction of Olympia.
 
 
522 CE - 551 CE: Earthquakes destroy many of the buildings at Olympia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1900 BCE 1500 BCE 1100 BCE 700 BCE 300 BCE 100 CE