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prehistoric: Cave painting flourishes in Spain and France, the most famous being the Cave of Lascaux in France.
10000 BCE: Beginnings of agriculture in the Middle East.
9600 BCE: End of the last Ice Age.
9000 BCE: Wild sheep flocks are managed in the Zagros mountains.
9000 BCE: Cultivation of wild cereals in the Fertile Crescent.
8000 BCE: Ovens in use in the Near East are applied to pottery production.
7700 BCE: First domesticated wheats in the Fertile Crescent.
7500 BCE: Long-distance trade in obsidian begins.
7000 BCE: Domestication of goats.
7000 BCE - 2500 BCE: Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods on Cyprus.
6700 BCE: Domestication of sheep.
6500 BCE: Textiles of flax.
6500 BCE: Domestication of pigs.
6200 BCE: First copper smelting in Anatolia.
6000 BCE: First irrigation.
6000 BCE: Domestication of cattle.
6000 BCE: First fortified settlement at Ugarit.
5000 BCE: Irrigation and agriculture begin in earnest in Mesopotamia.
5000 BCE: Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
5000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Megalithic structures erected at Carnac, north-west France.
5000 BCE - 4000 BCE: Megaliths are erected at the Neolithic site of Locmariaquer, north-west France.
4800 BCE: Neolithic village of Banpo in China built.
4500 BCE: Invention of the plow.
4500 BCE - 3750 BCE: The Neolithic village of Banpo is inhabited.
4300 BCE: First megalithic tombs in Europe.
4100 BCE - 2900 BCE: Uruk Period in Mesopotamia. First cities.
4000 BCE: Use of wool for textiles.
3807 BCE - 3806 BCE: The Sweet Track, a Neolithic wooden pathway, is constructed in Somerset, Britain.
3700 BCE - 2800 BCE: Neolithic farmstead the Knap of Howar inhabited on Papa Westray, Orkney.
3300 BCE - 2600 BCE: Neolithic site of Barnhouse Settlement occupied.
3300 BCE - 2600 BCE: The Barnhouse Settlement constructed and inhabited.
3100 BCE: Stonehenge Phase I - earthen henge dug on the site.
3100 BCE: Neolithic village of Skara Brae inhabited.
3100 BCE: Neolithic Village of Skara Brae inhabited, stone walls built.
3000 BCE: Aegina inhabited during Neolithic period.
3000 BCE: Stonehenge Phase II - Digging of the Aubrey Holes, which probably contained wooden posts (or perhaps bluestones). Stonehenge functions as a cremation cemetery.
3000 BCE - 2800 BCE: The Neolithic chambered cairn known as Maeshowe constructed and in use.
2600 BCE: Structure Eight (so called) erected at Barnhouse Settlement after village abandoned.
2550 BCE: Phase III at Stonehenge, the refashioning of the simple earth and timber henge into a unique stone monument.
2500 BCE: Village of Skara Brae is abandoned for unknown reasons.
2500 BCE - 2000 BCE: The Balnuaran of Clava (Clava Cairns) is built.
2000 BCE: Completion of Stonehenge, Britain.
2000 BCE: Bronze Age begins in Northern Europe.
1860 BCE: The beginning of construction of Stonehenge in Britain.
770 CE: Last recorded use of Clava Cairns site in antiquity.
1850 CE: Storm uncovers the buried Neolithic village of Skara Brae
1850 CE: Buried Neolithic Age village of Skara Brae uncovered by storm.