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660 BCE: Corcyra wins a naval battle against their founding city of Corinth.
535 BCE: Battle of Alalia. Carthaginian navy, in alliance with Etruscans, defeated Greek ships off the island of Corsica.
493 BCE: The first fortifications are constructed at Athens' port of Piraeus.
482 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
433 BCE: A naval battle between the victorious combined forces of Corcyra and Athens against Corinth.
410 BCE: Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
406 BCE: The Athenian fleet is defeated by Lysander of Sparta at Notium.
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
344 BCE: Corcyra contributes two ships to Timoleon's fleet which attacked Syracuse.
260 BCE: Rome builds its first significant naval fleet in response to the threat from Carthage.
260 BCE: First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae.
256 BCE: Roman naval victory against Carthage off Ecnomus.
241 BCE: Roman naval victory off the Aegates Islands leads to victory over Carthage, ending the First Punic War.
67 BCE: Pompey assembles a naval fleet and attacks Pamphylia and Cilicia, principally to repress piracy.
56 BCE: The navies of Rome and the Veneti Gauls clash resulting in a Roman victory. This is the first recorded naval battle in the Atlantic Ocean.
32 BCE - 31 BCE: Battle of Actium: Octavian (the later Emperor Augustus) defeats Cleopatra of Egypt.