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7000 BCE - 2000 BCE: The Archaic Period in Mesoamerica during which hunter-gatherer culture moved toward agriculture.
2700 BCE: Corn is first cultivated in Mesoamerica.
1200 BCE - 300 BCE: The Olmec Period which saw the rise of the Olmec culture's work in stone, first major cities appear.
1200 BCE: The Olmec civilization springs from the grouping of ancient villages along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
1200 BCE: San Lorenzo becomes the great ceremonial centre of the Olmec civilization.
1200 BCE - 400 BCE: The Olmec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
950 BCE - 1400 BCE: Evidence of the surgical procedure of trephination found in Mesoamerica.
900 BCE: The centre of San Lorenzo is detroyed and monuments are defaced. La Venta becomes the Olmec capital.
500 BCE - 900 CE: The Zapotec Civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
500 BCE - 450 BCE: Monte Alban becomes the capital of the Zapotec in the Oaxaca Valley of Mexico.
300 BCE - 400 BCE: La Venta is destroyed, monuments are defaced and the Olmec civilization ends.
300 BCE: First recorded settlement at Tikal.
100 CE: The Temple of the Sun is built at Teotihuacan.
250 CE - 950 CE: The Classic Maya Period which saw the height of the Maya Civilization in cities such as Chichen Itza, Palenque, Tikal, Copan and Uxmal.
300 CE - 550 CE: The city of Teotihuacan dominates Mesoamerica.
426 CE - 437 CE: Reign of the first named Copan ruler K'inich Yax K'uk Mo.
600 CE: Teotihuacan is deliberately destroyed by fire and abandoned.
700 CE: Xochicalco in the highlands of central Mexico is founded.
800 CE: The Pyramid of the Niches is completed at El Tajin.
900 CE - 1150 CE: The Toltec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
900 CE: Xochicalco in the highlands of central Mexico is abandoned.
900 CE - 1100 CE: El Tajin flourishes in northern Veracruz.
935 CE - 947 CE: Ce Acatl Topiltzin the legendary leader of the Toltecs was born.
1100 CE - 1200 CE: The Valley of Mexico is first settled by migrating tribes (Chichimecs, Tepanecs, Mexica and Acolhua).
1150 CE: The Toltec capital of Tollan is systematically destroyed.
1156 CE - 1168 CE: The remaining Toltecs led by Huemac flee Tollan and re-settle at Chapultepec on the west banks of Lake Texcoco.
1200 CE: Tulum prospers as a trading centre under the influence of Mayapan.
1345 CE - 1521 CE: The Aztec civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1345 CE: Traditional date for the founding of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan on Lake Texcoco.
1350 CE - 1522 CE: The Tarascan civilization flourishes in Mesoamerica.
1418 CE: Texcoco is temporarily conquered by Mexica and Tepanec forces.
1428 CE: The Triple Alliance is formed between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
1431 CE: Netzahualcoyotl officially becomes tlatoani or leader of Texcoco.
1469 CE - 1481 CE: Axayacatl reigns as leader of the Aztec empire.
1486 CE - 1502 CE: Ahuitzotl reigns as leader of the Aztec empire.
1502 CE - 1520 CE: Motecuhzoma II reigns as leader of the Aztec empire.
1520 CE: Ixtlilxochitl, with the support of Cortés, becomes king of Texcoco.
1521 CE: The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan falls into the hands of spanish forces led by Cortés.