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70 BCE60 BCE50 BCE40 BCE30 BCE
69 BCE - 30 BCE: Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
43 BCE - 36 BCE: Second Roman Triumvirate: Antony, Octavian, and Lepidus (official approvement by Senate). Mass proscriptions including Cicero.
42 BCE: Octavian and Antony defeat Republicans under Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi (Greece).
41 BCE: Cleopatra meets Marc Antony in Tarsus. The Roman needs the Egyptian queen in his war against the Parthian Empire, and returns the rule of old Ptolemaic territories to her.
41 BCE: Cleopatra and Mark Antony meet at Tarsus.
31 BCE: Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra at the sea battle of Actium (Greece). Antony and Cleopatra commit suicide.
31 BCE: Marc Antony and Cleopatra move to Greece, where they are isolated by Octavian's admiral Agrippa; although they are able to win a tactical victory and break out of their isolated position at Actium, the campaign is a distaster and Octavian is able to achieve control of the east.
31 BCE: The Battle of Actium in which Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra.
30 BCE: 12 August 30: After Octavian has declined to negotiate, Cleopatra reportedly commits suicide; Marc Antony does the same. Their children survive, but Caesarion is killed.