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206 BCE - 9 CE: The Han dynasty rules China from their capital in Chang'an.
206 BCE - 220 CE: Han dynasty, one of the longest of China’s major dynasties.
206 BCE: Emperor Gaozu (Liu Bang) becomes the first Han ruler.
202 BCE: Liu-Bang of Han establishes the Han Dynasty in China.
202 BCE: Liu Bang is proclaimed emperor of China after defeating the rebel Xiang Yu.
195 BCE: Liu Bang’s died. His empress Lü Zhi (also known as Lü Hou) tried to confiscate the empire for her own family. The conflict lasted for 15 years.
141 BCE - 87 BCE: Reign of Emperor Emperor Wu (also known as Wu Di).
140 BCE - 87 BCE: Han emperor Wu rules and expands Han territory in China.
138 BCE - 126 BCE: Zhang Qian, as envoy of the Han emperor, opens up the 'Silk Road' trading route between China and central Asia.
117 BCE - 100 BCE: Han emperors extend the western part of the Great Wall of China.
109 BCE: Chinese Han Empire conquers the kingdom of Tien.
104 BCE - 101 BCE: The War of the Heavenly Horses, general Li Guangli forces the city of Da Yuan (Alexandria Eschate) into tributary status.
2 CE: The population of Chang’an, the imperial capital of China, had a population of nearly 250 thousand people.
9 CE: Wang Man takes control of the empire by usurping the throne and proclaiming the the beginning of a new dynasty called Xin “new”.
23 CE: The sack of Chang'an, imperial capital of China.
23 CE: After the sack of Chang'an, Liu Xiu led his loyal officials to the city of Luoyang, where the Chinese imperial capital was relocated.
25 CE - 220 CE: The Eastern Han dynasty rules China.
91 CE: The Han dynasty of China invades Mongolia.
105 CE: Invention of paper-making process by Cai Lun.
148 CE: An Shigao is the first Buddhist translator mentioned in Chinese sources who established a translation centre in the Chinese imperial capital, Luoyang.
160 CE: Chinese Han empire in decline.
184 CE - 192 CE: The 'Yellow Turban' rebellion is quashed by the Han in China.
184 CE: A large peasant uprising known as the Yellow Turban Rebellion (sometimes referred to as the Yellow Scarves Rebellion) threatened the city of Luoyang.
190 CE: Luoyang, the Han capital in China, is burned.
190 CE: Dong Zhou seized control of the Chinese imperial capital and placed a child, Liu Xie, as the new ruler.
220 CE: Liu Xie abdicated the throne. Wars between warlords and states continued and China would have to wait about 350 years to be unified again.