Visual Timeline: Greek Colonization

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Legend:

740 BCE 730 BCE 720 BCE 710 BCE 700 BCE 690 BCE 680 BCE 670 BCE 660 BCE 650 BCE 640 BCE 630 BCE 620 BCE 610 BCE 600 BCE 590 BCE 580 BCE 570 BCE 560 BCE 550 BCE 540 BCE 530 BCE 520 BCE 510 BCE 500 BCE 490 BCE 480 BCE 470 BCE 460 BCE 450 BCE 440 BCE 430 BCE 420 BCE 410 BCE 400 BCE 390 BCE 380 BCE 370 BCE 360 BCE 350 BCE 340 BCE 330 BCE 320 BCE 310 BCE 300 BCE 290 BCE 280 BCE 270 BCE 260 BCE 250 BCE 240 BCE 230 BCE 220 BCE 210 BCE 200 BCE  
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
740 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Cumae in Magna Graecia.
 
734 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Naxos on Sicily.
 
 
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
 
 
733 BCE: Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
 
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
 
720 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Rhegium in Sicily.
 
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
 
688 BCE: Rhodes and Cretans found Gela in Sicily.
 
 
685 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Chalcedon.
 
675 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Kyzikos in the Black Sea area.
 
 
668 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Byzantium.
 
631 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Sinope in the Black Sea area.
 
 
630 BCE: Selinus is founded by colonists from Megara Hyblaea, Sicily.
 
 
630 BCE: Thera founds the colony of Cyrene in North Africa.
 
 
630 BCE: Messana founds the colony of Himera on Sicily.
 
 
600 BCE: Phocaea founds the colony of Massilia.
 
600 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Pantikapaion in the Black Sea area.
 
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
 
 
575 BCE: Massalia founds the colony of Emporion in Spain.
 
560 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Herakleai Pontike in the Black Sea area.
 
550 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Olbia in the Black Sea area.
 
 
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
 
 
525 BCE: Second wave of emigration of Greeks to Massilia.
 
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
 
437 BCE: Athens founds the colony of Amphipolis in northern Macedonia.
 
 
433 BCE: Tarentum founds Heraclea in Magna Graecia.
 
 
420 BCE: Herakleia founds the colonies of Chersonesos in the Crimea.
 
 
415 BCE: Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
 
 
300 BCE - 200 BCE: Greek colonists set up an emporion (trade centre) at Salona.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
740 BCE 660 BCE 580 BCE 500 BCE 420 BCE 340 BCE 260 BCE