585 BCE: A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
571 BCE - 497 BCE: Life of Pythagoras of Samos.
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
310 BCE - 290 BCE: Life of Greek astronomer and mathematician Aristarchus of Samos.
276 BCE - 195 BCE: Life of Eratosthenes, ancient Greek Alexandrian scholar, native of Cyrene and one of the greatest geographers in antiquity.
190 BCE - 120 BCE: Life of Hipparchus of Nicea, an ancient Greek mathematician, astronomer and geographer, regarded by many historians as a scientist of the highest quality and possibly the greatest astronomical genius among ancient Greeks.