Visual Timeline: Fertile Crescent

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

9000 BCE 8500 BCE 8000 BCE 7500 BCE 7000 BCE 6500 BCE 6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE  
 
9000 BCE: Wild sheep flocks are managed in the Zagros mountains.
 
 
9000 BCE: Cultivation of wild cereals in the Fertile Crescent.
 
 
7700 BCE: First domesticated wheats in the Fertile Crescent.
 
 
6500 BCE: Cultivation of peas in the Eastern Mediterranean.
 
 
4300 BCE: The rise of the cities by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
 
 
3500 BCE: Image of the breed of dog, the Saluki, appears on ceramics as household pet.
 
 
2334 BCE - 2279 BCE: Sargon of Akkad (the Great) reigns over Mesopotamia and thus creates the world's first empire.
 
2300 BCE: Wide spread production and use of soap.
 
 
2000 BCE: Domesticated horses introduced in Mesopotamia.
 
2000 BCE: Babylon controls Fertile Crescent.
 
1984 BCE: Amorite dynasty established in Babylon.
 
1900 BCE: Ashur, capial of Assyria, is founded.
 
1900 BCE - 1400 BCE: Trade flourishes between Mesopotamia and other regions.
 
1795 BCE - 1750 BCE: Reign of Hammurabi, king of Babylon.
 
 
1787 BCE: Hammurabi of Babylon conquers Uruk and Isin.
 
 
1772 BCE: The Code of Hammurabi: One of the earliest codes of law in the world.
 
 
1761 BCE: Hammurabi of Babylon destroys the city of Mari.
 
1680 BCE: Hurrians occupy Assyria.
 
 
1595 BCE: King Mursilis of the Hittites sacks Babylon. Begin of Babylonian "dark ages."
 
1550 BCE: Kingdom of Mittani is founded.
 
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
 
 
1472 BCE: Mittani annexes Assyria.
 
1400 BCE: Assyria regains its independence.
 
1350 BCE - 1250 BCE: The Hittite empire is at its peak.
 
 
1321 BCE: Western Mittani is conquered by the Hittites.
 
1285 BCE: Peak of Hittite power.
 
1220 BCE: Babylon is under Assyrian control.
 
 
1200 BCE: Phrygians invade Anatolia and destroy the Hittite empire.
 
 
1080 BCE: Aramaeans invade Mesopotamia.
 
1000 BCE: Chaldeans occupy Ur.
 
 
853 BCE: Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
 
734 BCE: Babylon is captured by Chaldeans.
 
729 BCE: Babylon is occupied by Assyrians.
 
722 BCE - 705 BCE: Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II.
 
600 BCE: Assyrians control the Fertile Crescent.
 
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon; the Fertile Crescent is controlled by the Achaemenid Empire (The First Persian Empire).
 
 
334 BCE: Alexander the Great invades and conquers the Fertile Crescent.
 
 
116 CE: Invasion and annexation of the Fertile Crescent region by Rome under Trajan.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9000 BCE 8000 BCE 7000 BCE 6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE