Visual Timeline: Darius III
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380 BCE - 330 BCE: Life of Darius III of Persia.
334 BCE: Alexander invades the Persian empire.
333 BCE: Battle of Issus. Alexander is victorious against Darius III of Persia.
331 BCE: Battle of Gaugamela. Alexander calls himself "King of Asia."
330 BCE: Death of Darius III and end of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
330 BCE: Persepolis is burned and looted by Alexander the Great.