Visual Timeline: Byblos

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
 
4000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
 
1725 BCE: Invasion of the Hyksos.
 
 
1580 BCE - 800 BCE: Byblos liberated and occupied by the Egyptians. Phoenecian alphabet developed and spread through trade.
 
1100 BCE - 725 BCE: Decline of Byblos as the sister city of Tyre rises in prominence.
 
 
1000 BCE: Death of Ahiram (or Ahirom) of Byblos, whose sarcophagus bears the oldest inscription of the Phoenician alphabet.
 
 
332 BCE: Conquest of the Levant by Alexander the Great who destroys Tyre.
 
330 BCE - 64 BCE: Hellenistic Period in Byblos.
 
 
64 BCE: Byblos conquered by the Roman general Pompey the Great.
 
64 BCE - 395 CE: Byblos is a colony of the Roman Empire.
 
395 CE - 637 CE: Byblos is a colony of the Byzantine Empire (formerly known as the Eastern Roman Empire).
 
 
637 CE: Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
 
637 CE: Muslim rule of Byblos and surrounding region. Byblos steadily declines through neglect.
 
1098 CE: Christian Crusaders invade Byblos.
 
1099 CE: Muslim rule restored in the region. Byblos continues to decline until it is forgotten.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE