Visual Timeline: Achaemenid Empire

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

560 BCE 550 BCE 540 BCE 530 BCE 520 BCE 510 BCE 500 BCE 490 BCE 480 BCE 470 BCE 460 BCE 450 BCE 440 BCE 430 BCE 420 BCE 410 BCE 400 BCE 390 BCE 380 BCE 370 BCE 360 BCE 350 BCE 340 BCE 330 BCE  
 
553 BCE: Cyrus the Great successfully rebels against the Medes and establishes the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
 
547 BCE - 546 BCE: Cyrus II of Persia conquers Lydia.
 
547 BCE: Phrygia becomes a Satrapy of the Persian empire.
 
 
539 BCE: Fall of Babylon, conquered by Cyrus of Persia. Return of the Jews.
 
539 BCE: Cyrus the Great conquers Babylon; the Fertile Crescent is controlled by the Achaemenid Empire (The First Persian Empire).
 
530 BCE - 522 BCE: Reign of Cambyses II of Persia.
 
 
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
 
521 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses.
 
520 BCE: Darius I of Persia fights the Scythians (not very successfully).
 
 
515 BCE: Darius I moves the capital of Persia from Pasargadae to Persepolis.
 
513 BCE - 512 BCE: Darius I of Persia Campaigns against Scythians into European Scythia, past the Danube River, Scythians refuse to fight and Darius is forced to abandon the campaign due to lack of provisions.
 
499 BCE - 494 BCE: Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
 
 
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
 
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
 
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
 
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
 
 
485 BCE: Babylon is destroyed by Xerxes, King of Persia.
 
485 BCE - 465 BCE: Reign of Xerxes I (the Great) of Persia.
 
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
 
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
 
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
 
 
478 BCE: Xerxes I builds the Gate of All Nations, the Hall of 100 Columns and the grand Palace of Xerxes.
 
448 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
 
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
 
380 BCE - 330 BCE: Life of Darius III of Persia.
 
334 BCE: Alexander invades the Persian empire.
 
333 BCE: Battle of Issus. Alexander is victorious against Darius III of Persia.
 
331 BCE: Battle of Gaugamela. Alexander calls himself "King of Asia."
 
330 BCE: Death of Darius III and end of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.
 
330 BCE: Persepolis is burned and looted by Alexander the Great.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
560 BCE 520 BCE 480 BCE 440 BCE 400 BCE 360 BCE